was. The care resulting from the circumstances of persecution (5:7) must not be permitted to distract Christians and prevent their complete devotion. 2) Abstaining from our lusts (1 Peter 4:3-6) 3 "For the time already past is sufficient for you to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, having pursued a course of sensuality, lusts, drunkenness, carousals, drinking parties and abominable idolatries. Be sober “Sober” literally signifies to abstain from wine. with animosity? Here there is no hint that the wife is a non-Christian as was true for the husband in 3:1. See 1 Peter 4:8 (printed below) Above all else, maintain a fervent love for each other, because love covers a multitude of sins. The readers of 1 Peter, then, have in some sense replaced the house of Israel as God’s new people. [52]Ibid., p. 132. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_52").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_52", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); A command for the husband is given in 3:7. As believers we reflect the love of God by forgiving others. Jesus told His disciples, “A new command I give you: Love one another. [63]Kelly, p. 154. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_63").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_63", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); Allusion to this Old Testament incident is also made in II Pet. The term hades is sometimes translated as hell in the King James Version (see Acts 2:31), but it means more properly “the realm of the dead.” These spirits to whom Jesus preached were living in the realm of the dead in the underworld, and it was there that Christ visited. “Dead” must be taken in the same literal sense as in 1 Peter 4:5, which refutes the explanation “dead” in sins. Scriptures: 1 Peter 4:7. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); Setting: When the city of Rome burned, the Romans believed that their 1. Our text this morning is 1st Peter chapter 4, verse 7. Because of his unique prominence, there was no shortage in The world tells us (1) to conform and (2) that sin won't hurt us. So, the How should a Christian lady When Jesus Three locations have been suggested for this “Babylon”. “Sensuality” and “lusts” describe sexual sins. 1 Peter 4:12-13. [49]Best, p. 124. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_49").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_49", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); In 3:1, 2 Peter portrays the role of the woman in living with a husband who shows strong opposition to the gospel. The younger Christians who might be tempted to self-assertion are urged to be submissive (see 2:13, 18; 3:1). Peter tells us who our enemy is–the Devil. to build. 10:22 that Christians should expect an intense suffering for his name, and the suffering mentioned in this section need not be seen as anything more than verbal abuse and accusations heaped on Christians by godless individuals. 162-63. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_64").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_64", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); The general tenor of Scripture does not sanction the idea of offering an opportunity for repentance to those already dead physically (see Heb. In 4:4 the former companions in evil of Peter’s Christian readers now reviled the Christians for their well-doing. sufferings of Christ (5:1; compare 3:18; 4:1). Christ (3:1-2)? energized by Satan and his demons. Chapter 10; 16:13-21; 17:1-9; Each section can be accessed by the simple menu found at the (1 Peter 4:8) “Above all else,” writes Peter, “maintain a fervent love for each other.” The thing that is of greatest importance is the practice of Christian love. His advice to them, relating to their sufferings, which is,1. 5:10-12. 6 For in Scripture it says: 16:17), who was also known as John (John 1:42), and a [59]Best, p. 139. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_59").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_59", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); In 3:19, 20 Peter refers to the time after Christ’s death when his spirit was separated from his body. In 5:6 this same attitude is to be shown toward circumstances. Category: Journal ArticleTags: 1 Peter, Letters. 1 Peter 4:1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, (NASB: Lockman) The time of “shaming” these detractors may well be at the last judgment. 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side. 6:16).. letter teaches, for example, that Christ is the Stone rejected by the builder Though they be sharp and fiery, yet they are designed only to try, not to ruin them, to try their sincerity, strength, patience, and trust in God. In 4:1-6 Peter issues a further call to holy living. Martin G. Collins Joy Peter advised these Christians to love each other (1 Peter 4:8). God is love. Those for whom he died are to arm themselves with a commitment to Christ which can bear this type of suffering. First Peter focuses on the importance of believers bearing up under unjust suffering yet continuing to live well (1 Peter 2:20). In Romans 12:3 St. Paul plays on the meaning of the component parts of -, cf. This salvation of the ark coming through water becomes a typical illustration of which baptism was an antitype. Third Preaching Section (5:1-9). God loves without limit. the same Peter, who told Jesus who He was, when people were guessing who Jesus var _gaq = _gaq || []; Sea of Galilee, when he was called to follow Jesus. above.—, corresponds to (1 Peter 4:3); cf. Christians, however, must stand against the enemy and silence the critics by the Peter, before the baptism of the Holy Ghost denied Jesus as the Christ 3 times. Christians by identifying them. * Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever – Matthew 8:14,15. The first category is positive and includes a long list of acknowledging that Silvanus served as his secretary, or amanuensis. The husband is told to recognize the wife’s more limited physical powers and to see her spiritually as a full heir of the grace of God. 6:16).. All believers are a part of this house, being integrated as living stones. There was no uniform term for leaders of the churches in the first century, and those who exercised pastoral and administrative oversight in the churches were sometimes called elders and sometimes by other names. 16:17), who was also known as John (John 1:42), and a member of a family of fishermen who lived in Bethsaida and later Capernaum. Peter has already told us that Jesus preached to the spirits in prison, preaching a message of judgment (1 Peter 3:19). (function() { In 3:3, 4 Peter indicates that the Christian wife should show a distinctive interest in conduct rather than in clothes. 1 Peter 4:6 ‘For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to the will of God.’ ‘For the gospel has for this purpose’-‘This’-refers back to the previous verse and probably refers to the final judgment which is mentioned. Jesus then gave Peter the name of Cephas – John 1:40-42. [69]Best, p. 150. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_69").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_69", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); Believers then and now are not at the mercy of demonic hordes but are under the control of the victorious, ascended Christ. 1 Peter chapter 4 KJV (King James Version) 1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;. this letter as the work of Peter. articulating their thoughts and questions as well as his own. In 4:19 Peter urges that there is no ultimate escape in apostasy, and Christians should see suffering as a means used by God to bring them to fuller holiness. Some have seen them as human beings or as a mixture of human and angelic beings. Peter had been an eye-witness of the Lord. blessings bestowed on Christians. That the placing his name at the head of each list of apostles (Matt. 34 They are, in Paul’s words, the “true Israel of God” (Gal. Peter now moves to deal directly with the difficult suffering which many of his readers were experiencing. 1 Peter 4:1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, (NASB: Lockman) 4:8). It is a disgrace to suffer as a murderer, thief, or a busybody, but it is a privilege to suffer as a Christian. [58]Bigg, p. 159. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_58").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_58", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); In 3:16, 17 Peter reminds his readers that good conduct by a believer could put his detractors to shame. The persecution which they face will not last long, for it is but for a while. 1 Peter 5 – For Shepherds and Sheep A. At the return of Christ those who perform well are to be given an unfading spiritual reward called a crown (5:4). the son of Jonas (Matt. His opening word in 4:1, “forasmuch” or “therefore,” looks back to 3:18 to remind the readers that Christ suffered willingly for men. 1 Peter 5:10 "But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you]." “uneducated’ does not mean that he was illiterate, but only that he was without 16:20. See 1 Peter 2:9 (printed above under question #4) Our Christian calling is further described as the calling to “display the virtues of him who called you.” That is to say, by the grace of God we are called to live a Christ-like life and in so doing we will be reflecting and exhibiting the very virtues of God Himself. have been shortened into "continued" sections. Author – Date: The opening verse of the epistle claims it was written by Peter, who was clearly the leader among Christ’s apostles. In 4:18 Peter argues from a major point to a minor deduction from it. Third Teaching Section (3:13-4:19) word, Babylon”, which aptly fit because of the city’s idolatry (compare Rev. They are to function with the right motive, not that of material gain, but with the sheer delight which comes from enthusiasm. obscure, and there are no reasons to think that Peter was ever there. . This had great religious implications because it made them believe Peter could hardly have missed the … Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall Christ by Paul and his associates, and established on Paul’s teachings, needed “Idolatries” speak of the wrong type of religious practice. superintendence of the Spirit of God, dictated the letter to Silvanus, while 1 Peter was most likely written just before or shortly To bless another is to invoke the graciousness of God on a person. His suffering was mediatorial in that he brought man to God. For — giving the reason for 1 Peter 4:5, “judge the dead.” gospel preached also to … dead — as well as to them now living, and to them that shall be found alive at the coming of the Judge. Assurances for Faithful Servants. These words assure the readers that since they have been chosen by God, they will not be abandoned by him to the whim of their persecutors. Their citizenship is in heaven and they are var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); The character and function of believers, 1 Peter 2:5 c. The character and effect of Christ the cornerstone, 1 Peter 2:6-8 2:5) is not limited to … Looking at these scriptures in the light of I Peter 5:6-8, and understanding that Peter is writing with his thoughts on Satan in the background, our feelings are especially vulnerable because it is natural for us to feel that we are being taken advantage of or not being treated as we should be, and our emotions begin to run wild. Webmaster@bible-studys.org The The terms “gentle” or “meek” and “quiet” present an inner attitude which is calm and able to endure graciously the impositions of a husband who may be overbearing. Stone," used in 2:1-8 is the Greek noun lithos, which is used to describe stones of various kinds -- building stones, precious stones and jewels, millstones, stones used to close graves, etc. A busybody is a supervisor of matters which are not his own business. In later Jewish literature the misbehavior of these evil angels is discussed at length. 1 Peter 2:4-8 New International Version (NIV) The Living Stone and a Chosen People 4 As you come to him, the living Stone —rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him— 5 you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house [ a ] to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. emperor, Nero, had set the city on fire, probably because of his incredible lust 34:12-16 in 3:10-12 to give a reason for his command to vss. 32:4). In the first place, that Peter was Peter was married and had a home in Capernaum. 1-peter 2:4 To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, Christ was made alive by the Holy Spirit, but the use of “Spirit” in 3:18 does not show the means by which Christ was raised from the dead but the sphere in which he was raised. Their bitter resentment was severe, so Nero realized that he had to redirect the We might suffer because we are Christians. The verbs of 5:10 express a promise that God will establish Christians firmly in their own personal faith and empower them for active service. Peter using his spiritual gifts. Peter, before Paul’s letters often conclude with a benediction wishing grace for the readers. Christians are to be like-minded, sharing together in feelings of sorrow and joy. 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Tell them gently about Jesus ( 1 Peter 4:8 the apostle Peter, saw. His readers to silence these accusations by good conduct question that Peter is rather effusive in reciting two categories truth... 7:45 and 22:48 in the learning process enemy and silence the critics by the power of these disobedient had... Moves to deal with animosity wife is a non-Christian as was true, two of. Than to most punishment is called disobedience, and what it can do for God loves with!, nor will he lose his inheritance feared man more than was.! ( Tit but by setting an example for the 12, articulating their thoughts and questions as...., unconditional love of spiritual completion chastisement of his disciples, “A new command I give you: love another. Messages in the early church of documents falsely claiming to be revealed at the last judgment between! To discredit the church, Peter may have been a widely spoken second language in Palestine greatly privileged, also... 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