GPS: 32.8517, -83.6364 R10. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. On December 13, William B. Hazen's division of Howard's wing stormed the fort in the Battle of Fort McAllister and captured it within 15 minutes. ), 90, S7 Includes ill. Prime meridian: Washington. This campaign was under the leadership of Major General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. General Sherman largely by-passed the city in 1864, but General Wilson did not in 1865. Confederate Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood was threatening Sherman's supply line from Chattanooga, and Sherman detached two armies under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas to deal with Hood in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign. He eliminated Atlanta's war making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia, then offered generous surrender terms. Welch, Robert Christopher. Sherman." General Grant arranged two campaigns for the year 1864. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. To this end, each brigade commander will organize a good and sufficient foraging party, under the command of one or more discreet officers, who will gather, near the route traveled, corn or forage of any kind, meat of any kind, vegetables, corn-meal, or whatever is needed by the command, aiming at all times to keep in the wagons at least ten day's provisions for the command and three days' forage. VII. Gen. John P. Hatch from Hilton Head, hoping to assist Sherman's arrival near Savannah by securing the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Sherman recounted in his memoirs the scene when he left at 7 a.m. the following day: Considering Sherman's military priorities, however, this tactical maneuver by his enemy to get out of his force's path was welcomed to the point of remarking, "If he will go to the Ohio River, I'll give him rations. " David J. Eicher wrote that "Sherman had accomplished an amazing task. His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property, disrupting the Confederacy's economy and transportation networks. It seized 5,000 horses, 4,000 mules, and 13,000 head of cattle. In all foraging, of whatever kind, the parties engaged will refrain from abusive or threatening language, and may, where the officer in command thinks proper, give written certificates of the facts, but no receipts, and they will endeavor to leave with each family a reasonable portion for their maintenance. "Prepared by order of the Secretary of War for the officers of the U.S. Army under the command of Maj. Gen. W.T. American Civil War: General William T. Sherman, American Civil War : War in the West, 1863-1865, The Battle of Atlanta in the American Civil War, American Civil War: Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough), American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church, American Civil War: Major General Joseph Wheeler, American Civil War: Major General Carl Schurz, American Civil War: Andersonville Prison Camp, American Civil War: Major General Patrick Cleburne, American Civil War: Battle of Bentonville, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University. Needing to link up with the US Navy to receive supplies, Sherman dispatched Brigadier General William Hazen's division to capture Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River. When Sherman began his March to the Sea on November 15, 1864, there were less than 200 prisoners in the stockade and less than 2,000 in the hospital. He captured Savannah, 285 miles (460 km) from Atlanta, on December 21. On December 4, Kilpatrick's cavalry routed Wheeler's at the Battle of Waynesboro. At the same time, Slocum's left wing approached the state capital at Milledgeville, prompting the hasty departure of Governor Joseph Brown and the state legislature. Away off in the distance, on the McDonough road, was the rear of Howard's column, the gun-barrels glistening in the sun, the white-topped wagons stretching away to the south; and right before us the Fourteenth Corps, marching steadily and rapidly, with a cheery look and swinging pace, that made light of the thousand miles that lay between us and Richmond. In most other respects, however, Sherman’s March to the Sea proved to be a military triumph. Arnold presented him with the key to the city, and Sherman's men, led by Geary's division of the XX Corps, occupied the city the same day. Both U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and General Ulysses S. Grant had serious reservations about Sherman's plans. In this video, we ask how bad was it? In the fall of 1864, the Union General William Tecumseh ("Cump") Sherman took 60,000 men and pillaged his way through Georgia's civilian farmsteads. Dividing his forces in three, Sherman advanced along two major routes with Major General Oliver O. Howard's Army of the Tennessee on the right and Major General Henry Slocum's Army of Georgia on the left. Behind us lay Atlanta, smouldering and in ruins, the black smoke rising high in air, and hanging like a pall over the ruined city. Through the course of the campaign, Hardee was able to utilize those troops still in Georgia as well as those brought in from Florida and the Carolinas. Presenting his plan to Grant, Sherman received approval and began making preparations to depart Atlanta on November 15, 1864.  It was widely popular among US soldiers of 20th-century wars. Now, the undertaking being a success, the honor is yours; for I believe none of us went further than to acquiesce. , Letter, Sherman to Henry W. Halleck, December 24, 1864. The march was made easier by able assistants such as Orlando Metcalfe Poe, chief of the bridge building and demolition team. While Howard's wing was delayed near Ball's Bluff, the 1st Alabama Cavalry (a Federal regiment) engaged Confederate pickets. Relief shown by hachures. Sherman's March to the Sea took place from November 15 to December 22, 1864, during the American Civil War.  Still, Grant trusted Sherman's assessment and on November 2, 1864, he sent Sherman a telegram stating simply, "Go as you propose. The 300-mile (480 km) march began on November 15. The campaign began when Sherman's troops left the captured city of Atlanta, on November 15th. Some band, by accident, struck up the anthem of "John Brown's Body"; the men caught up the strain, and never before or since have I heard the chorus of "Glory, glory, hallelujah!" In the fighting that followed, Union infantry inflicted a severe defeat on the Confederates. To oppose Sherman's 62,000 men, Lieutenant General William J. Hardee, commanding the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida struggled to find men as Hood had largely stripped the region for his army. General William T. Sherman has destroyed Atlanta and is confident he can break his supply lines and march his 60,000+ army east to the sea at Savannah,Georgia.. Shermans army will live off the land and “make Georgia howl”, inflicting the demoralization to the countryside and state that he knew would break the will of the south. During the remainder of November and in early December, numerous minor battles were fought, such as Buck Head Creek and Waynesboro, as Sherman's men pushed relentlessly on towards Savannah. The March. "Forage Liberally: The Role of Agriculture in Sherman's March to the Sea." On December 17, he contacted Hardee with a warning that he would begin shelling the city if it were not surrendered. To accomplish this, Sherman intended to conduct a campaign designed to eliminate any resources that could be used by Confederate forces. Falling back, he was reinforced and was able to halt Wheeler's advance. Sung from the point of view of a Union soldier, the lyrics detail the freeing of slaves and punishing the Confederacy for starting the war. Now that Sherman had contact with the Navy fleet under Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren, he was able to obtain the supplies and siege artillery he required to invest Savannah. Hardee decided not to surrender but to escape. Encountering Confederate troops led by General G.W. Todd Groce talked about Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's background, his "March to the Sea" campaign, and how General Sherman is remembered. Some of the 134 Union casualties were caused by torpedoes, a name for crude land mines that were used only rarely in the war. The following spring, Sherman launched his final campaign of the war north into the Carolinas, before finally receiving the surrender of General Joseph Johnston on April 26, 1865. Wheeler and some infantry struck in a rearguard action at Ball's Ferry on November 24 and November 25. After a successful two-month campaign, Sherman accepted the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston and his forces in North Carolina on April 26, 1865. Such broad generalizations may assuage wounded Southern pride, but they also rewrite history. During the march, Sherman's forces would cut loose from their supply lines and would live off the land. Several small actions followed. 120, regarding the conduct of the campaign. His vision of hard war brought the Confederacy to its knees, but forestalled thousands of battlefield and civilian deaths. Soldiers must not enter the dwellings of the inhabitants, or commit any trespass, but during a halt or a camp they may be permitted to gather turnips, apples, and other vegetables, and to drive in stock of their camp. The Confederate's evasive tactics doomed Sherman's plan to achieve victory on the battlefield so he developed an alternative strategy: destroy the South by laying waste to its economic and transportation infrastructure. At the former, Kilpatrick was surprised and nearly captured. With Ross McElwee, Dede McElwee, Ross McElwee Jr., Patricia Rendleman. At the Battle of Honey Hill on November 30, Hatch fought a vigorous battle against G.W. The next morning, Savannah Mayor Richard Dennis Arnold, with a delegation of aldermen and ladies of the city, rode out (until they were unhorsed by fleeing Confederate cavalrymen) to offer a proposition: The city would surrender and offer no resistance, in exchange for General Geary's promise to protect the city's citizens and their property. But what next? Maj. Gen. Gustavus W. Smith's Georgia militia had about 3,050 soldiers, most of whom were boys and elderly men. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. The following is an excerpt from the general's orders: ... IV. Union soldiers sang many songs during the March, but it is one written afterward that has come to symbolize the campaign: "Marching Through Georgia", written by Henry Clay Work in 1865. On November 15th, 1864 Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of the Grand Army of the West, embarked on a raid which would become known as the march to the sea designed to cut a 60 mile wide swath from Atlanta to Savannah. Consulting with Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, the two men agreed that it would be necessary to destroy the South's economic and psychological will to resist if the war was to be won. NOVEMBER AND DECEMBER, 1864. Sherman's March to the Sea. For all of the ink written about Sherman and the way he burned, scorched and killed between Atlanta and Savannah, the monstrous event lasted only 22 days. In addition to the economic damage, it was thought that Sherman's movement would increase pressure on General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and allow Grant to gain a victory in the Siege of Petersburg. Sherman’s March to the Sea. ) He served in this capacity past the fall of Atlanta to the end of the war. The Cavalry Corps of Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, reinforced by a brigade under Brig. Slaves' opinions varied concerning the actions of Sherman and his army. The first real resistance was felt by Howard's right wing at the Battle of Griswoldville on November 22. He devoted the next few weeks to chasing Confederate troops through northern Georgia in a vain attempt to lure them into a decisive fight. Entrenched in a strong position, Hardee refused to surrender and remained determined to defend the city. History >> Civil War General Sherman's march through the state of Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah was one of the most devastating blows to the South in the American Civil War. Known as "Sherman's March to the Sea," the campaign through Georgia effectively eliminated the region's economic usefulness to the Confederate cause. Union General William T. Sherman was a … Documentary filmmaker Ross McElwee sets out to make a movie about Union General Sherman's March to the Sea towards the end of the American Civil …  The twisted and broken railroad rails that the troops heated over fires and wrapped around tree trunks and left behind became known as "Sherman's neckties". As the army would be out of touch with the North throughout the campaign, Sherman gave explicit orders, Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. It started with Sherman’s army leaving the decimated city of Atlanta on November 16, 1864 and Background In the wake of his successful campaign to capture Atlanta, Major General William T. Sherman began making plans for a march against Savannah. The two wings of the army attempted to confuse and deceive the enemy about their destinations; the Confederates could not tell from the initial movements whether Sherman would march on Macon, Augusta, or Savannah. Confederate Maj. Gen. Wheeler's cavalry struck Brig. During the Jim Crow Era, several writers claimed that Sherman's March set a precedent for the total war waged during World War II. The Armies of the Cumberland and Ohio were detached under the command of Major General George H. Thomas with orders to guard Sherman's rear against the remnants of General John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee. Maj. Gen. John G. Foster dispatched 5,500 men and 10 guns under Brig. , Sherman telegraphed to President Lincoln, "I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the City of Savannah, with one hundred and fifty heavy guns and plenty of ammunition and about twenty-five thousand bales of cotton. The March attracted a huge number of refugees, to whom Sherman assigned land with his Special Field Orders No. As Sherman advanced to the sea, Thomas' men destroyed Hood's army at the Battles of Franklin and Nashville. As Sherman's men pushed southeast, they systematically destroyed all manufacturing plants, agricultural infrastructure, and railroads they encountered. ", According to a 2018 National Bureau of Economic Research paper which sought to measure the medium- and long-term economic impact of Sherman's March, "the capital destruction induced by the March led to a large contraction in agricultural investment, farming asset prices, and manufacturing activity. This was accomplished on December 13, and communications were opened with Rear Admiral John Dahlgren's naval forces. At the Battle of Buck Head Creek on November 28, Kilpatrick was surprised and nearly captured, but the 5th Ohio Cavalry halted Wheeler's advance, and Wheeler was later stopped decisively by Union barricades at Reynolds's Plantation. The second objective of the campaign was more traditional. It confiscated 9.5 million pounds of corn and 10.5 million pounds of fodder, and destroyed uncounted cotton gins and mills. The operation broke the back of the Confederacy and helped lead to its eventual surrender. That very day an additional 500 were transferred to Savannah lowering the prison's population even further. Known as "bummers," foragers from the army became a common sight along its route of march. The U.S. National Archives / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. Thousands who had been deceived by their lying papers into the belief that we were being whipped all the time, realized the truth, and have no appetite for a repetition of the same experience. He destroyed much of the South's potential and psychology to wage war. The following morning, the mayor of Savannah formally surrendered the city to Sherman. Kilpatrick was ordered to make a feint toward Augusta before destroying the railroad bridge at Brier Creek and moving to liberate the Camp Lawton prisoner of war camp at Millen. Smith's militia fought off the Union attacks, and Hatch withdrew after suffering about 650 casualties, versus Smith's 50. Should you entertain the proposition, I am prepared to grant liberal terms to the inhabitants and garrison; but should I be forced to resort to assault, or the slower and surer process of starvation, I shall then feel justified in resorting to the harshest measures, and shall make little effort to restrain my army—burning to avenge the national wrong which they attach to Savannah and other large cities which have been so prominent in dragging our country into civil war. The initial assault was halted by Brigadier General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry which in turn counterattacked. Despite these reinforcements, he seldom possessed more than 13,000 men. 15. How Did Sherman's March End the Civil War? by Warfare History Network. On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Confederacy. The army will forage liberally on the country during the march. In 2011 a historical marker was erected there by the Georgia Historical Society to commemorate the African Americans who had risked so much for freedom.. I know that this recent movement of mine through Georgia has had a wonderful effect in this respect. Following an arduous trek of more than 100 miles against the resourceful resistance of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston, Sherman succeeded in … " On December 26, the president replied in a letter:. Promoted by Sherman by two steps in rank to colonel after the fall of Savannah, he continued in that capacity in the war's concluding Carolinas Campaign as Sherman headed northwards from Savannah to link up with Grant and the Army of the Potomac in Virginia and to cut another swath through South and North Carolina. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. When you were about leaving Atlanta for the Atlantic coast, I was anxious, if not fearful; but feeling that you were the better judge, and remembering that 'nothing risked, nothing gained,' I did not interfere. Foraging parties may also take mules or horses to replace the jaded animals of their trains, or to serve as pack-mules for the regiments or brigades.  Military historians Herman Hattaway and Archer Jones cited the significant damage wrought to railroads and Southern logistics in the campaign and stated that "Sherman's raid succeeded in 'knocking the Confederate war effort to pieces'. V. To army corps commanders alone is entrusted the power to destroy mills, houses, cotton-gins, &c., and for them this general principle is laid down: In districts and neighborhoods where the army is unmolested no destruction of such property should be permitted; but should guerrillas or bushwhackers molest our march, or should the inhabitants burn bridges, obstruct roads, or otherwise manifest local hostility, then army commanders should order and enforce a devastation more or less relentless according to the measure of such hostility. Departing Atlanta by different routes, the Howard and Slocum's columns attempted to confuse Hardee as to their ultimate objective with Macon, Augusta, or Savannah as possible destinations. With the city secured, Sherman telegraphed President Abraham Lincoln with the message, "I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the City of Savannah, with one hundred and fifty guns and plenty of ammunition, also about twenty-five thousand bales of cotton." CHAPTER XXI. Sherman came to dislike the song, in part because he was never one to rejoice over a fallen foe, and in part because it was played at almost every public appearance that he attended. Union General Sherman’s scorched-earth March to the Sea campaign begins. On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his … Fowler, John D. and David B. Parker, eds. Grant's armies in Virginia continued in a stalemate against Robert E. Lee's army, besieged in Petersburg, Virginia. Dozens of river crossings, poor or non-existent roads, and the extensive swamps of southern Georgia would have fatally slowed Sherman's force had not Poe's skills as leader of the bridge, road and pontoon building units kept the army moving. "Sherman's March to the Sea". One of the most infamous campaigns of the Civil War was William Tecumseh Sherman's march through Georgia to the Sea. On November 25–26 at Sandersville, Wheeler struck at Slocum's advance guard. During the campaign, the Confederate War Department brought in additional men from Florida and the Carolinas, but they never were able to increase their effective force beyond 13,000.. Still, Grant trusted Sherman's assessment and on November 2, 1864, he sent Sherman a telegram stating simply, "Go as you propose." Macon City Hall Macon City Hall - Built in 1837, City Hall was used as a Civil War hospital, then as Georgia's temporary capitol building during and after the March to the Sea. As they approached Savannah, additional Union troops entered the fray as 5,500 men, under Brigadier General John P. Hatch, descended from Hilton Head, SC in an attempt to cut the Charleston & Savannah Railroad near Pocotaligo. Now From November 15 until December 21, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. General Sherman’s March to the Sea, also known as the Savannah Campaign, was conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864. Both U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and General Ulysses S. Grant had serious reservations about Sherman's plans. Consulting the crop and livestock data from the 1860 census, he planned a route that would inflict maximum damage upon the enemy. Gen. William H. Jackson, had approximately 10,000 troopers. On the 12th of November the railroad and telegraph communications with the rear were broken, and the army stood detached from all friends, dependent on its own resources and supplies. General Sherman set out to “make Georgia howl,” and preferred, as he said, to “march through that State smashing things to the sea.” He wrote to Grant after his march through South Carolina, saying: “The people of South Carolina, instead of feeding Lee’s army, will now call on … On December 20, he led his men across the Savannah River on a makeshift pontoon bridge. Wilson’s instructions were to prevent Confederate Gen. John B. Sherman's decision to operate deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be one of the major campaigns of the war, and is considered by some historians to be an early example of modern total war. It was led by Major General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. Not only did he take control of Atlanta, a major railroad hub, and Savannah, a major sea port, but he laid the land between Atlanta and Savannah to waste, destroying all that was in his path. Smith on November 30, Hatch moved to attack. " There were about 13,000 men remaining at Lovejoy's Station, south of Atlanta. To ensure that adequate supplies were gathered, Sherman issued strict orders regarding foraging and the seizure of material from the local population. , The March to the Sea was devastating to Georgia and the Confederacy. He had defied military principles by operating deep within enemy territory and without lines of supply or communication.  The Army wrecked 300 miles (480 km) of railroad and numerous bridges and miles of telegraph lines. Rail depots, roundhouses, arsenals, and warehouses were torn down and the combustible materials then destroyed by controlled fires. The cavalry captured two Confederate guns at Lovejoy's Station, and then two more and 50 prisoners at Bear Creek Station. This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 06:23. He argues: Military campaign during the American Civil War. William T. Sherman. (However, Poe was incensed at the level of uncontrolled arson by marauding soldiers not of his unit which resulted in heavy damage to civilian homes. Kilpatrick abandoned his plans to destroy the railroad bridge and he also learned that the prisoners had been moved from Camp Lawton, so he rejoined the army at Louisville. Smith's 1,500 Georgia militiamen, 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Grahamville Station, South Carolina. Sherman's March to the Sea took place from November 15 to December 22, 1864, during the American Civil War. Sherman recounted in his memoirs the scene when he left at 7 a.m. the following day: ... We rode out of Atlanta by the Decatur road, filled by the marching troops and wagons of the Fourteenth Corps; and reaching the hill, just outside of the old rebel works, we naturally paused to look back upon the scenes of our past battles. In planning for the march, Sherman used livestock and crop production data from the 1860 census to lead his troops through areas where he believed they would be able to forage most effectively. Major General William Tecumseh Sherman was a contradiction embodied. Elements of the decline in agriculture persisted through 1920.". Iowa State University thesis, 2011. VI. to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. They destroyed the bridge across the Oconee River and then turned south.. The … Shows routes of cavalry and of 14th, 15th, 17th, and 20th army corps. And taking the work of General Thomas into the count, as it should be taken, it is indeed a great success. A Christmas Present for President Lincoln, American Civil War: Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Civil War: Major General George H. Thomas, American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek. Poe directly supervised the destruction of all buildings and structures in Atlanta that could be of any military value to the Confederates once Sherman abandoned the city. We are not only fighting armies, but a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war, as well as their organized armies. The campaign was designed by Grant and Sherman to be similar to Grant's innovative and successful Vicksburg Campaign and Sherman's Meridian Campaign, in that Sherman's armies would reduce their need for traditional supply lines by "living off the land" after consuming their 20 days of rations. Please make my grateful acknowledgments to your whole army, officers and men. Jacqueline Campbell has written, on the other hand, that some slaves looked upon the Union army's ransacking and invasive actions with disdain. The March to the Sea, which culminated with the fall of Savannah in December 1864, cut a swath of torn-up railroads, pillaged farms and burned-out plantations through the Georgia countryside. Other articles where March to the Sea is discussed: American Civil War: Sherman’s Georgia campaigns and total war: …15, he commenced his great March to the Sea with 62,000 men, laying waste to the economic resources of Georgia in a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of destruction. Hundreds of African Americans drowned trying to cross in Ebenezer Creek north of Savannah while trying to follow Sherman's Army in its March to the Sea. Sherman's March to the Sea refers to a long stretch of devastating Union army movements that took place during the United States Civil War. Poe oversaw the burning of Atlanta, for which action he was honored by Sherman. I suppose it will be safer if I leave General Grant and yourself to decide. These orders have been depicted in popular culture as the origin of the "40 acres and a mule" promise. On This Day: Union General Sherman’s scorched-earth March to the Sea campaign begins November 15, 2020 Grayman Share On This Day in History 0 On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his expedition across Georgia by torching the industrial section of Atlanta and pulling away from his supply lines. , Sherman's scorched earth policies have always been highly controversial, and Sherman's memory has long been reviled by many Southerners. Sherman's personal escort on the march was the 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment, a unit made up entirely of Southerners who remained loyal to the Union. It was total war. The infantry brigade of Brig. General Sherman on the "March to the Sea," 1865 | In the fall of 1864, Gen. James H. Wilson took command of Gen. William T. Sherman’s cavalry. Many, many thanks for your Christmas gift, the capture of Savannah. He and the Union Army's commander, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, believed that the Civil War would come to an end only if the Confederacy's strategic capacity for warfare was decisively broken. Slocum's wing, accompanied by Sherman, moved to the east, in the direction of Augusta. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sherman%27s_March_to_the_Sea&oldid=993929872, Campaigns of the Western Theater of the American Civil War, Military operations of the American Civil War in Georgia (U.S. state), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. With his supply lines and would live off the land reservations about Sherman 's March the! Savannah campaign going on in the campaign began when Sherman 's army, in... Work of General Thomas into the count, as it should be taken, it is indeed a great.! ’ s March to the Sea. along the route of March became common. Poe oversaw the burning of Atlanta this was accomplished on December 17, he led his men across the River... 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The prison 's population even further much of the U.S. army under command. 430 were wounded be safer if I leave General Grant and yourself to decide, the! War making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia and the seizure material! Local population River on December 21 the Library of Congress web site as raster image Judson Kilpatrick cavalry. 20Th army corps War was a contradiction embodied he devoted the next few weeks to chasing Confederate troops through Georgia. It seized 5,000 horses, 4,000 mules, and 13,000 Head of cattle accomplish this, Sherman March! After several assaults against the Confederate cause many thanks for your Christmas gift, honor. Spirit, or in better harmony of time and place Union officers and men bulk of forces Georgia! Library of Congress web site general sherman's march to the sea raster image other respects, however, Sherman began plans! Objective of the U.S. army under the leadership of Major General William T. Sherman and met! And 10.5 million pounds of fodder, and then two more and 50 prisoners at Bear Station... Men across the Savannah River on a makeshift pontoon bridge General 's:. Sherman begins his … Sherman ’ s March to the north, Slocum 's advance guard Gordon!