This discoloration can linger for weeks or even months. They include sun exposure, inflammation, hormonal changes, taking chemical medications, some health problems (for instance, liver disease), and aging. Here's a…, Which fruit should you eat for breakfast? Apply sun block (such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) to vulnerable areas. Artificial tanning is officially cancer-causing and sunbathing habits are just as deadly. Yes, both UVA and UVB are team cancer, and they’re working both angles to make it happen. “An FDA-approved prescription ingredient works by lightening any dark spots left by acne inflammation or sun exposure by slowing the production of melanin, and by blocking abnormal melanocytes [pigment-producing cells that have gone haywire].”. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends limiting sun exposure “especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun’s rays are most intense,” covering up with clothing, hats, and sunglasses, and of course, sunscreen. Reapply sunscreen every two hours or after swimming or sweating heavily. Being outside is the most natural and healthy way to tan your skin, which is why you'll get the most natural results. The color of an individual depends on the amount of melanin present in the dermis. Green tea extract has an abundance of antioxidants that help improve skin … Sun damage isn’t just about the visible marks, spots, and signs of aging — Lorstcher warns that the rays are carcinogenic. in English from the University of South Florida and is a licensed real estate agent in Florida. It blocks damage before it even happens by neutralizing free radicals. We dig into the science behind each rule below. Vitamin C can be a great addition to your regimen either in the morning before sunscreen, or at night. Cross-check the ingredients in your skin care. Wear a hat with a brim to shade and protect your face. See which probiotics work best for enhancing cognitive function. Keep out of sunlight and wear sunblock to prevent your brown skin from turning darker. Lighter-skinned people can get enough vitamin D after 10 to 15 minutes of sun exposure a few times a week, but people with dark complexions may need five to 10 times more sun exposure to synthesize that same amount of vitamin D [source: Zelman ]. This is the pigment that gives the skin its color and helps protect the cells from some forms of sun … Vitamin C, azelaic acid, and beta hydroxy acids (salicylic acid) don’t increase your sensitivity to the sun. This guide throws out the frills and gives you…, Our simple ketogenic shopping list is based off delicious recipes that’ll launch your keto journey beyond the first week. Spending time outdoors isn't only a great way to get a tan, it's also beneficial to your health. “Decades of research confirm tretinoin as the “gold standard” in topical treatment for fighting acne and clogged pores, as well as reducing fine lines, unwanted pigmentation, and improving skin texture,” says Lortscher. For example, tanning happens when the UV light from the sun increases melanin production. After all, how often do you usually go outside? So, avoiding the outdoors isn’t really the answer — covering up, especially with sunscreen, is. Up to 95 percent of the rays that makes it to the Earth’s surface — and your skin — are UVA. We spoke to Dr. David Lortscher, board-certified dermatologist and founder of Curology, to get this ultimate guide on protecting yourself from those aging UV rays and reversing traces of sun damage from your face. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The sun can turn your skin several shades darker in a matter of hours or days. If you go out in the sun, take these preventive measures: 1. Although strengths can vary, “it’s been observed that retinol is roughly 20 times less potent than tretinoin.”. Moles may be mistaken for freckles and other skin growths. Melanin gives the eyes, skin, … Going outside to enjoy a bright day and blue skies isn’t the only time to shield yourself from the sun’s rays, but it’s one of the most critical times to do so. The best way to prevent melasma is to limit skin exposure to the sun. “Prolonged UVA exposure damages the collagen fibers in the [skin],” explains Lortscher. … 3. Patches can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body. Lortscher recommends at least 30 SPF, and we also recommend applying 1/4 tsp on your face to ensure you’re getting the promised protection on the label. Some ingredients used to fade dark spots can make your skin even more sensitive to sun damage; be extra vigilant with sun protection while using them. Always wear sunscreen outside, especially if you are prone to burn, and enjoy an hour of sun exposure on a regular basis. Find these products online, since they may not be found in drugstores or beauty stores. The catch is: You have to commit to using serious sun protection before you use them. Darkened areas on the skin are the main symptoms of hyperpigmentation. There are both chemical and natural home remedies you can use to lighten the skin and get rid of the dark spots or blotches. Her home is overrun with old books and demanding houseplants, and she’s accepted her best life comes with a fine patina of dog hair. If not applied early enough, your skin may still darken and tan before the sunscreen takes full effect 1. 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