An outstanding feature of this chapter is that people are appreciated as people. 1. At that time God will judge all in righteousness, the Jew by the Law which he had, and the pagan by the Law which he had. Greet the beloved Persis, who labored much in the Lord. In a city with a Christian community of any size, there would be several “congregations” meeting in different houses, since there were no “church” buildings at this time. Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Romans and some shout-outs to his friends in Rome. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. You can also change some of your preferences. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. That much—and more—is quite clear. i. Deceive the hearts of the simple: This shows that dividers and deceivers don’t affect everyone. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus, approved in Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the Lord. One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. 16:17: I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. The second is that they were mature and dedicated believers who he wants to commend and salute. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. It’s entirely fitting that Paul concludes this letter praising the God of such a gospel. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. i. This summary of the gospel anticipates all the Paul teaches in Romans. Five believers are greeted by name in verse 14 and mention is made of the "brethren that are with them." I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Anyone who serves the Lord Jesus Christ is valued. “Mad dogs are shot; infectious diseases are quarantined; but evil teachers who would divide to their destruction and draw away the saints with teaching, By smooth words and flattering speech deceive, Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, The God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. Now to Him who is able: With all the dangers facing the Romans – and every church – Paul fittingly concludes by commending them to Him who is able to establish you. Romans 16 is Paul's final farewell and instruction to the believers in Rome. This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … This is a summary of the sixteenth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. Romans 1:16,17 teaches that in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed that is by faith from first to last. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: c. Notice their work for the Lord: some, like. a. Timothy rightly rates a first mention, being one of Paul’s closest and most trusted associates. “Where are you, Aristobulus? Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendation of this sister in Christ so the Romans will receive her and support her during her stay in their city. (25-27)1-16 Paul recommends Phebe to the Christians at Rome. Romans 16. It made Spurgeon think of the unconverted who live with believers in their house. CONCLUSION, EMBRACING SUNDRY SALUTATIONS AND DIRECTIONS, AND A CLOSING PRAYER. Romans 12:1-2 “I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to a. Romans 16:20, however, is speaking of a future event. Nevertheless, however they may appear on the outside, their motives are essentially selfish and fleshly. We will list four … 1:1 and 1 Tim. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Greet Mary, who labored much for us. (21-24) The epistle concludes with ascribing glory to God. Amen. Restates his God-given job of ministering to the Gentiles. Romans 1 covers Paul’s introduction to the book of Romans as well as building a case against the entire world that we were guilty before God. 1. All Rights Reserved. I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle, greet you in the Lord. Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. He explained that some will try to draw them in with flattery, but they are not legitimate preachers of Jesus Christ. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him ii. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. The husband was executed and the wife was banished. Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. Most of this final chapter to the Romans contains greetings. Καὶ τὴν κατʼ οἰκ. Some suggest that this is the same person mentioned in Romans 16:8. d. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus: The fact that the household of Aristobulus is greeted but not Aristobulus himself made Spurgeon think that Aristobulus was not converted but many in his household were. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. Paul also knows that this will be done according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ. Chosen in the Lord has the idea that Rufus had some eminence among the Christians of Rome. Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. They are already dealing with these situations well, and Paul is glad about it. Keep away from them. c. Phoebe: This name is the feminine form of a title given to the pagan god Apollo, the title meaning “the bright one.” Christians, on their conversion, seemed to feel no need to change their names even if there was some pagan significance to their name. “Servant”: This is one passage used in support of the office of deaconess. The Letter itself is a masterpiece of spiritual instruction, Paul's supreme exposition of the infinite range of redemption. Note those who cause divisions and offenses, offenses… contrary to the doctrine you have learned, iii. Of note among the apostles has the idea that Andronicus and Junia are apostles themselves (though not of the twelve), and notable among other apostles. Note those who cause divisions and offenses: This has in mind both those who would divide God’s people (cause divisions) and those who would deceive God’s people (offenses… contrary to the doctrine you have learned). Amen. He sent His Son to rescue you from sin and judgment. Scripture: Romans 16:27. ii. Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Romans chapter twelve. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. Romans Summary: Romans is a book of Doctrine, Christian living and Justification by Faith alone (Chaps.3, 4). There we have a husband and a wife conspiring in hypocrisy, and here a wife and a husband united in sincere devotion.”, b. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Sixteen OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with such Christians as Phoebe, Priscilla, and Aquila 2) To understand the warning against those who cause division SUMMARY In this last chapter, Paul closes with miscellaneous instructions, greetings, warnings, and a doxology. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 16 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved. (3-5a) Greetings to Priscilla and Aquilla. It isn’t very strong. None of the people listed in Romans 16 were famous or powerful in the world’s eyes. Dec 24, 2006. I have chosen this as the central study around which we may gather as we come to the table of the Lord this morning. In this epic moment, we are talking about an incredible amount of power from God. “They were like the most of us, commonplace individuals; but they loved the Lord, and therefore as Paul recollected their names he sent them a message of love which has become embalmed in the Holy Scriptures. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. b. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: Phoebe, Priscilla, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, the mother of Rufus, and Julia. Watch our overview video on the book of Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Now I urge you, brethren, note those who cause divisions and offenses, contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and avoid them. Romans 11:1-2 “I ask, then, has God rejected his people? 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. E. Righteousness eNlarged: Worldwide (Romans 9-11) God makes His Name great by spreading His grace to the whole world. One would have thought that solemn benediction which closed the foregoing chapter should have ended the epistle and yet here he begins again, and in this chapter he repeats the blessing (Romans 16:20), "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you, Amen." i. We must not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are concerned with dividers and deceivers. d. Of the 24 names here, 13 also appear in inscriptions or documents connected with the Emperor’s palace in Rome. Synthetic Reading and Application Summary Text: Romans 12-16 Atmosphere Rom 12-13: Paul in a ‘Pastoral’ role gives practical guidance in holy living as part of being ‘members in Christ’. Because Romans is about the other, because Paul’s gospel must go out to all people, including the Jews (Rom. This was not a passionate kiss, but a friendly kiss. b. Andronicus and Junia: These were apparently Jews (my kinsmen) and were imprisoned for the sake of the gospel (my fellow prisoners). Throughout the New Testament, this very same word dynamis is used everywhere Jesus performed miracles.Amazingly, the same word is used when talking about Jesus’s resurrection from the dead (Rom. Or do they? This was Paul’s normal practice in writing letters to churches, but this is the only letter where Paul’s secretary is mentioned by name. c. Amplias: There is a tomb dating from the late first or early second century in the earliest Christian catacomb of Rome which bears the name AMPLIAS. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance reco… Ἐπαίνετον [40]] Unknown like all the following down to Romans 16:15, but see the note on Ῥοῦφον, Romans 16:13. This sort of practical help is essential in doing the business of the gospel. Romans 16:1 "I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:" Phoebe means bright and radiant, which fits Paul’s brief description of her personality and Christian character. Personal Greetings. b. The church that is in their house. One more thing you know. None of them knew that their names would be enshrined in Scripture for millions of Christians down through the ages to read. Amen ( Romans 16:20). e. She has been a helper of many and of myself also: Paul gives Phoebe one of the best compliments anyone can give. sacr. Romans 2:16, ESV: "on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus." Each house church probably had its own “pastor.”. Beginning in Romans 3, Paul continues his explanation in a pattern he regularly follows throughout … 1:4; Eph 1:19-20).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated Him in heaven. Reading: Romans 16. h. Greet one another with a holy kiss: This might sound strange to us, but Luke 7:45 shows how common a greeting a kiss was. Considering the size of Rome, it may be readily conceived that, besides the full assembly of the collective church, particular sectional assemblies were also formed, which were wont to … He is affectionate toward them and gives final coaching to watch out for false doctrines and teachings and those who would cause division among them. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. i. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … ii. It doesn’t refer to his election in Jesus. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. ‹ Romans 14 Summary Handout up Romans 16 Personal Notes and Greetings › Address: 9419 N 5 Mile Rd, Spokane, WA 99208 Phone: (509) 467-9206 "For the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ." (1-2) A recommendation of Phoebe. Now we have even more names. Romans 16:22 "I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord." 1:16; 11:13-14), we must conclude that Romans 16:25-27 is a functional benediction but not a summary of the letter. (There is widespread scholarly opinion that Paul did not write these verses; however, the person who did and the editor who placed them near the end of the letter [commentaries cite the various placements of the doxology] clearly presumed that … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 16:25-27" 4. Therefore I am glad on your behalf; but I want you to be wise in what is good, and simple concerning evil. 16. 3. Paul decides to send greetings from all those people who were with him in Corinth. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea.2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. c. Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly: Dividers and deceivers never want to appear selfish. In the day - This verse is doubtless to be connected with Romans 2:12, and the intermediate verses are a parenthesis, and it implies that the pagan world, as well as the Jews, will be arraigned at the bar of judgment. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. 14 As for m the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions. John Piper Dec 17, 2006 214 Shares Sermon. e. Rufus: This may be the same man mentioned as a son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21. Romans 16:16 "Salute one another with a holy kiss. Romans 12–16-New Testament Teacher Resource Manual. Do Not Pass Judgment on One Another. Having expounded the doctrines of foreordination, election, and adoption in Romans 9–11, Paul concluded his Epistle to the Romans by encouraging the Saints to remain true and faithful in order to reap the full blessings of the covenant.. Once these have been noted (marked), they are to be avoided. b. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 in others. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Romans 16:25-27. Yet they must remain diligent against the attacks of the dividers and the deceivers. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. ROMANS SUMMARY. Chapter 16 The last bit of the letter consists of some shout outs to Paul's friends in Rome. Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." Gaius, my host and the host of the whole church, greets you. A summary of Romans 16 from @biblesummary. Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! See our lengthy discussion under Romans 16:5 concerning "house churches." If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 4 They risked their lives for me. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother. This is possible, but Rufus was a common name – so it may have been someone else. Romans 16. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 9-11 ) God makes his name great by spreading his grace to the letter of... Believers, and Paul is glad about it on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … 16:21... 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