Revêtant d’un caractère plastifiant, les phtalates – ou phthalates en anglais – sont des matières premières fortement utilisées dans la fabrication de plastiques, dont le fameux PVC. Phthalates from a biochemical point of view, replace estrogen, which negatively affects the course of pregnancy. Ortho-phthalates (pronounced "thal-ates") are a group of industrial chemicals used as plasticizers that add flexibility and resilience to many plastic consumer products Ortho-phthalates are referred to generally as phthalates. They have been used for many decades in a myriad of pharmaceuticals, household, and industrial products. Phthalates are primarily used in PVC plastic but are also used in rubber. Diet is believed to be the main source of phthalates because fatty foods such as milk, butter and meats are commonly packaged or … How are phthalates used? Phthalates are a group of chemicals used in plastics to soften and increase flexibility. Phthalates are a family of chemical compounds primarily used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or vinyl, flexible and pliant. What are the names of these phthalates? Phthalates are used in many industrial and consumer products, many of which pose potentially high exposure. They also act as a binding agent or a solvent. En toxicologie, quatre types d’exposition étaient considérées : inhalation, ingestion, intraveineuse ou contact cutané. About 90% of phthalates are used in vinyl, and are widely used in vinyl building products, and many other consumer and commercial products. Sacs réutilisables : bons pour la planète, pas pour la santé ? This poor hand to mouth habit is also another way children ingest more phthalates. Phthalates exist in all kinds of products, including nail polish, hairspray, perfume, and aftershave. Mais une étude publiée en 2015 a expérimentalement confirmé que chez l'enfant, l'absorption des phtalates par la peau (directem… What Are Phthalates? Un phtalate désigne un produit chimique dérivé des sels ou des esters de l'acide phtalique. Ils sont notamment utilisés dans certains emballages alimentaires. Allergie alimentaire et intolérance alimentaire : quelle différence ? [1] They are made from phthalic acid (benzenedicarboxylic acid) and have many different forms (also known as phthalate esters). These include vinyl flooring, adhesives, detergents, air fresheners, lubricating oils, food packaging and clothing. What health effects am I being warned about? Phthalates are used in a wide range of cosmetic and food products — plus, they’re released into the environment. Unfortunately, phthalates are a bi-product of our modern life and a price to pay for convenience. Phthalates (pronounced thal-ates) are a class of plasticizing chemicals. Phthalates are the esters of 1,2-dibenzene dicarboxylic acid; their general structure is given in Figure 1.They are produced by the addition of an excess of branched or normal alcohols to phthalic anhydride in the presence of a catalyst. Les phtalates sont des composés chimiques dérivées de l’acide phtalique. Think about your raincoat or your shower curtain. What are phthalates? L’Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité met en garde : les phtalates ont tendance à se concentrer dans les aliments gras tels que le lait, les fromages, les margarines, la viande et le poisson.Elle estime la contamination alimentaire à environ 0.25 mg/jour. The researchers speculate that the high prevalence of DEP is the result of the chemicals’ use in cosmetics and other fragranced products. Phthalate refers to any of a range of chemicals called phthalate esters, which are used in industrial contexts to increase the flexibility of plastics such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC). They are colorless, odorless liquids that when mixed into PVC, sometimes referred to as “vinyl”, make what is normally a hard, brittle plastic into one that is softer and flexible. Definition of phthalate : any of various salts or esters of phthalic acid used especially as plasticizers and in solvents Examples of phthalate in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web True to the brand’s … Phthalates are often added to personal care products, such . Phthalates (pronounced "thah-lates") are chemical plasticizers that have been widely used since the 1950s to soften plastics that would otherwise be brittle and crack when bent. Ils apportent aux matières plastiques souplesse, transparence et durabilité. We can try to avoid it as consumers, but unless there is a government intervention that’s the best we can do. Phthalates are a group of chemicals most commonly used to make plastic more flexible and harder to break. They “plasticize,” or help substances become more pliable and durable. Phthalates are chemical compounds that are commonly added to plastics to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability and longevity. Phthalates must be listed among the ingredients on Widespread use increases the concern, as many companies include phthalates in a range of products; from shower curtains to medicinal supplements. Les phtalates sont aussi incorporés comme fixateurs dans de nombreux produits cosmétiques: vernis à ongles, laques pour cheveux, parfums…. Never underestimate the power of awareness, though. This article provides scientifically researched details (by searching journals) about sources, side effects and avoidance measures for Phthalates. A major use of phthalates is to soften polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic for use in a wide range of consumer goods likely to be present in your home. Phtalate. À l’état brut, ils se présentent comme des liquides huileux transparents très peu volatils. 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