In the preface, Scott also proposed that the format should follow a mixed approach. With wind chills of 50 below zero or colder—their spittle freezing solid in mid-air—they sheltered a day in the tent. When they crawled back into the tent, spending over an hour scraping ice from their clothes, they were no closer to their goal. Horn prided himself on his ability to hear threats outside the tent, a skill honed over decades in wild places. “It’s interesting, that progression we have in our mind," Horn says about facing intense bodily pain and staggering fatigue. It won't be business as usual for the annual Polar Bear Plunge in 2021. Ousland and Horn had a more direct experience in mind—they were returning to the heart of the high Arctic to witness the changes at ground level. Horn’s daughters had never perceived their indomitable father’s voice so listless. The variation of the works in the magazine extended to skits Griffith Taylor who composed ‘Valhalla. Horn broke out tiny bottles of Armagnac and “Mike Horn Cake,” a rum-soaked fruit cake created for him by an admiring three-star Michelin chef. Somewhere near the North Pole, in a small tent staked to a plate of floating ice, Børge Ousland’s satellite phone buzzed. On August 28 of last year, with little fanfare or media hype, Ousland, Horn, and their crew set sail from Nome, Alaska, in Horn’s 115-foot sailboat Pangaea and headed north into the Arctic Ocean. Footage of the primary source is evident in this content and shares the men's observations with a wider audience. A passing Norwegian icebreaker happened to be in the sea north of Svalbard and would briefly be in position to serve as a refueling platform for a helicopter to reach them. Scott states that scientists contributions should be about their special subjects and scientific events of general interest. “It is as if all of the odds are against us,” he wrote. A young boy embarks on a magical adventure to the North Pole on the Polar Express. The modern Folio Society edition was published with the resources of the Royal Geographic Society and the British Library. “It struck me what an honor it was to be allowed to spend the last days with two such legends,” he says, calling those moments very personal “but also quite historical—we knew we were part of some kind of a bigger picture.”. They’d steadily increased their skiing to 10 grueling hours per day. Soon, the ocean began to freeze. After encountering more than 50 polar bears during his Arctic journeys, Ousland now carries bear spray and a flare gun to repel them. This means that, in theory, any of the world's time zones could be used there. “Who else brings the nail? The magazine was founded to provide an outlet to entertain the men throughout their time in Antarctica and keep them occupied when weather prevented exploration. Created in 1995 by a group of volunteer news media professionals, this holiday news-themed website keeps kids up-to-date on all the goings-on at Santaâs Village. In his sled, Ousland had one lunch (a mixture of dried fruit, nuts, oatmeal, oil, and sugar) and a small bag of dehydrated fish soup. Ultimately, this foreword frames the magazine as a means by which the men could lighten the winter's monotony." Date. Remember to check that your computer clock is set on the correct time zone.  The emotive language employed by the contributors adds a layer of struggle to the period of Antarctic exploration. Then he circumnavigated the planet at the equator without motorized assistance, crossing jungle and sea and narrowly escaping Congolese firing squads. Soon the men were polar machines, pushing forward into the teeth of the Arctic. , Scott explained in his preface of the first edition in 1902 that the men "knew that daylight would shortly disappear for four whole months", and consequently, the thoughts of expedition members turned to the long dark period ahead. As they neared the North Pole, the ice finally thickened and there were fewer leads. “Things were adding up on top of each other—this is the picture you see before accidents. “It was just like the old days,” he says. “Their daily distances were going down. To keep Horn alive, they had to move quickly. With the disappearance of light, something shifted in the men’s minds. Exploring the ice’s farthest reaches, teeming with polar bears and peril, has provided explorers one of the Earth’s ultimate challenges for over a century. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Pictures of the heartwarming moment have now been shared on social media. The Norwegian’s hearing was damaged from his younger years working with heavy machinery as a cold-water diver. The front cover of this edition uses the same watercolour painting by Wilson as the cover of the 1902 cover. Some inner resolve in the men had now slackened. In the meantime, Ousland and Horn, straining at the limits of their strength, miraculously covered nearly 20 miles in a day.  Other men who perished included Edgar Evans, Lawrence Oates, Edward Wilson and Birdie Bowers. Other events that are documented include the monthly acrostic. After finding a solid floe to camp on, Ousland hand-bored ice screws at the tent’s corners and set trip wires around its perimeter that would trigger a deafening explosive shell. ", Also noted by some researchers of the South Polar Times is the fact that the success of this publication was a likely impetus for the printing of the Aurora Australis publication in 1908. Horn and Ousland disembark from Pangaea to start their expedition on September 12, 2019. It's almost the time of year when the term "polar vortex" will become inescapable. [ GATES OPEN 3:30PM ]A young boy embarks on a magical adventure to the North Pole on the Polar Express. Fortunately, Ousland, as ever, was prepared.  Further, of all the 400 total pages on such content, almost every text is accompanied by an illustration. , The South Polar Times is focused on the human aspect of Polar exploration. Spreading their skis wide to disperse their weight on ice that bowed beneath them, they moved as quickly as their elephantine sleds allowed. The mercury fell to 40 below zero Fahrenheit. The magazine resembles a casual tone as the recounts are often told first hand. “I want to be in the ice mentally ... it’s about safety.”, Yet it’s also something more, he admits. They’re referring to sweat, which can freeze to skin, or perhaps to a spill from a water bottle, which can cause flesh-killing frostbite. In his journal, Gamme wrote facetiously, “Two ungrateful shit sacks, here we drag lots of goodies! The two explorers got as far north as they could on a sailboat named Pangaea, skied across the top, then boarded an ice-classed ship—Lance—to head back to civilization. The two explorers got as far north as they could on a sailboat named Pangaea, skied across the top, then boarded an ice-classed vessel—Lance—to head back to civilization. They turned around and when they returned to their tracks from an hour earlier, they found them overlaid by polar bear tracks. Horn was first to paddle across to Rotmo and Gamme. Other Arctic coups followed, including an expedition in 2010 when he led a crew in a small trimaran sailboat on a circumnavigation of the Arctic Ocean through both the Northeast and Northwest passages, the first crew to do so in a single summer season. In all their years, neither man had finished an expedition with so little food remaining. The harsh conditions of exploration are recounted in a segment of the publishment which tells the story of the disappearance of one man in the sledging party after a blizzard occurred. Gamme suddenly regretted bringing fresh sausage. During the day, the wind blew the plates in reverse as they skied atop them. Finally, it was time for Santa to announce who would have the honor to organize the Great North Pole Christmas Party! “We can’t stop here,” he told Ebbesen, dismissing the notion of helicopters out of hand. It would be a mark of failure. We’re 10 days away from the end. During his adventure he learns about friendship, bravery, and the spirit of Christmas. He once told National Public Radio, “If we can progress in computers and building cars, we can progress by exploring the human mind and body and soul.”. For one day only, they could be rescued. Extreme low sea ice in the Arctic made the journey shorter, but also more dangerous due to the thin ice fracturing and blowing in wind storms. “I can deal with all types of things—wind, cold—but going through the ice and into the water, that is the most dangerous thing that can happen in the polar ocean,” Ousland says. “It’s very difficult to get up in places like that, and we were so weak,” Ousland says. All rights reserved. For six hours they dried Horn’s pants, jacket, and boots while Ousland sewed up the sliced harness. According to a study published this month in Nature Climate Change, most polar bear populations will be in serious decline by 2080. The Polar Express is a 2004 American motion capture computer-animated musical Christmas fantasy film based on the children's book of the same title by Chris Van Allsburg and has a much longer story. It had been one of their only lead-free days. According to Ousland’s last report, he and Horn were still 60 miles away and nearly out of food. With the explorers running low on food, members of their team back in Norway dispatched Lance, a steel-hulled vessel that was able to pick up Ousland and Horn farther north than Pangaea could travel.  Footage includes photographs of the transantarctic mountains and the expedition ships. But now, with the Arctic warming more than twice as fast as the rest of the planet, everything is changing. It won't be business as usual for the annual Polar Bear Plunge in 2021. The Norwegians were alarmed. That was their window to cross the Arctic Ocean.  The magazine gives various accounts of the complex problems encountered by Scott, such as the weather, boredom, lack of resources and isolation. Horn promptly invited him on his next adventure: a traverse of the Arctic ice cap on skis. Even staying close, the men periodically lost sight of each other’s headlamps in the blizzard. Copy link. It was fine, Ousland assured him. There are many things and people to miss and mourn this holiday season, but one thing I will truly miss is the annual Aquinnah Holiday Party. For one eternal moment, Ousland stared into the unsympathetic depths of the Arctic Ocean and his own mortality. They needed to cross a degree of latitude every six days to reach the ice edge to meet Pangaea before they ran out of food and fuel. Everyone was drifting on the ice. Horn pulls his sleds across a layer of recently frozen ice, which is riskier than older, more solid ice but much easier because of its smooth surface. By Yucatan Times on April 2, 2014 . About sharing. First limited edition of the complete collection of the South Polar Times, a periodical created by Scott's crew during his two polar expeditions on the ships Discovery and Terra Nova, with a slip signed by Ernest Shackleton and Rudolph Blakenburg Quarto, three volumes, publisher's gilt decorated cloth, all edges gilt, frontispiece to each volume, elaborately illustrated with engravings after the expedition members' â¦ For both men, expeditions are tests, as much internal as external, and they’re eager to see what can be found at the outer boundaries of their self-mastery.  Those who conducted such research offer another perspective in the South Polar Times. The Polar Express was the first movie to be completely shot in Performance Capture CGI (which had been used before to animate the likes of Gollum), â¦ The Norwegian was struggling to sleep as he worked through strategies and scenarios and drift angles, trying to map every possible eventuality. Which is why, with the men’s fate in doubt, Norwegians were on edge. It was, Ousland says, “a moment I will always remember.”. Polar Climate Facts When you hear the word âpolarâ, you most likely think of polar bears or the North Pole. The ice loss from Greenland and Antarctica is â¦ For example, segments of the publication are titled ‘Events of the month' and offer stories such as ‘April 6: An exciting seal chase' , ‘April 11: His Majesty the King became Patron of the Expedition' and ‘April 13: Windmill collapsed.' The logistics stop comes 30 days into its months-long deployment to the region to protect the United States interests in the Bering and Chukchi Seas, including along the Maritime Boundary Line between the United States and Russia. The South Polar Times was produced by the men of Robert Scott's two journeys to Antarctica: the Discovery expedition of 1901â04, and the Terra Nova expedition of 1910â13. “If you just sit there, they will come and they will eat you. Under an overcast sky, Horn clicked off his headlamp and held his hand in front of his face. The defense bill includes $15 million for the annual cost to maintain the other Arctic-capable icebreaker in Seattle, the Polar Star, shown in 2017, until its replacement arrives. Polar bears could become nearly extinct by the end of the century as a result of shrinking sea ice in the Arctic if global warming continues unabated, scientists said Monday. In the East Siberian Sea, they steered Pangaea into an embayment in the ice cap that Ousland, who closely studies satellite images of the Arctic, had observed growing for years. According to the National Weather Service, a polar vortex is a large low-pressure area with cold air surrounding both poles. The maâ¦ They’d been vulnerable ever since. “You can’t swim 100 meters with all the clothes in that cold water and ice.”, In a social media post soon after, the Norwegian wrote, “It’s a fragile life we live, so easy to miss the small details in the dark. The men find polar bear tracks along their route. He steadied the food and gear and began paddling alongside it while Horn pulled from the front. If that fails, Ousland incorporated a holster for his .44 Magnum on the waist belt of his sled harness (along with knife sheaths and personal flotation devices he sewed into the harness’s shoulder straps). Directed by Robert Zemeckis. With the seven-foot sled half inside the tent, Ousland took a four-inch formwork nail, chosen for its double-head that makes for a surer grip with a Leatherman, and heated it over a stove flame. At this point, the men who were writing for the magazine were depleted of supplies at the Ross Island Hut. You might also think of freezing temperatures, snow up to your ears, and so much ice that you need ice skates to get around! Polar sports watches do much more than keep time -- a heart rate monitor keeps track of your pulse while you exercise, while a stopwatch function monitors your workout. With Horn’s hands failing, more duties fell to Ousland, who was being pushed to his limits. Of Ousland and Horn’s accomplishment, Rotmo says, “It’s so totally insane in terms of complexity and difficulty. Get Movies. For the next three days they skied with Sisyphean obstinance into the storm, crossing the 86th parallel by day, blowing back over it each night. Horn, exhausted after a full day of pulling his sleds over rough terrain, falls asleep before switching off his headlamp. The elderly couple dressed up in full-body polar bear costumes and hugged their grandkids for the first time in 10 months. Ousland erected the tent while Horn rolled back and forth on the snow, allowing it to absorb water from his clothing. When the train goes to pick up Billy the Lonely Boy, the Hero Boy applies the emergency brakes to let Billy on board, who at first declined to board but changed his mind. In these winter months, sunlight in Antarctica is scarce and often in mid-winter (June) the sun does not rise. When he charged across an area of ice so thin it fractured under his skis as he passed, Ousland angrily asked why.  Each completed issue of the magazine was read aloud to all men on the expedition upon the completion of each contributors work. Scott expresses the fact that after each volume was completed, it was "held fast in the Antarctic Ice." The APS Polar Times News page is dedicated to keeping you up-to-date on all of the latest American Polar Society news. This final volume was created during the winter of 1912. Illustrations were created by hand and all text was generated on typewriters in order that the magazine featured various perspectives and generated broad discussion. A polar bear managed to get on one of the last ice floes floating in the Arctic sea. At 4 a.m., they camped for their final night on the ice. “When it got to the stage where my thumb was double the thickness it should have been, I said to Børge, ‘I think I need antibiotics.’”. To change the time, you must first change the time zone on your computer and then sync your Polar Loop 2. âOnly one copy has been produced and this has been made as complete and perfect as possible under our circumstances, in the hope that the whole thing may be thoroughly well reproduced with all the illustrations when we get home.â We knew that from day one. Ousland led the way to the edge of the Arctic ice cap. From 1903, Louis Bernacchi played a central role as editor. Like most things this year, the event to benefit the Special Olympics Maryland is going virtual. Each polar vortex has two parts â the tropospheric polar vortex, which occupies the lowest level of â¦ “We knew we shouldn’t make those mistakes. Extreme low sea ice in the Arctic made the journey shorter, but also more dangerous due to the thin ice fracturing and blowing in wind storms. The original editor was Ernest Shackleton. Horn’s frostbitten hands, virtually useless in the cold, were dangerously infected. “Basically, I couldn’t touch my thumbs,” Horn says. Wheeler, S 2012, ‘The South Polar Times reminds us of Captain Scott’s doomed voyage’. Back in Oslo, a relieved Ebbesen says, “I had a very, very big glass of wine.”. The ice was fracturing around them, opening in gaping cracks. The magazine does not comment on these deaths either. “We were crying like babies,” Ousland says. They laid their skis and sleds on the deck and left them for the first time in a quarter of a year. Being in a hurry is easier said than done when you’re towing hundreds of pounds of food, stoves, 56 liters of fuel, spare skis, a tent, sleeping bags rated to minus-40, and a single nail, a seemingly odd choice that would prove crucial later in the trip. In Scott's 1911 expedition, Apsely Cherry-Gerrard edited the third edition but did not publish it until 1914. From the tent, Ousland messaged Rotmo, who used his deep network of Arctic connections to secure a former polar research vessel named Lance. Find the articles here. âOnly one copy has been produced and this has been made as complete and perfect as possible under our circumstances, in the hope that the whole thing may be thoroughly well reproduced with all the illustrations when we get home.â Ousland and Horn celebrate their arrival at Lance. Scientists use an array of satellites and sensors to feed computer models that provide a picture of this changing realm. They didn’t say it, but Ousland says they both knew, “Now the serious stuff begins.”. Conveniently located at the Toronto Pearson Airport, Polar will submerge guests in a multi-level photo spectacular suitable for all ages. Ebbesen, who had worked with Ousland for years, had never heard him so exhausted and “into his resources.” Yet the legendary Arctic strongman, speaking in a weary monotone, did not hesitate or consult his ailing partner, “No, we will continue.”. Rotmo likened the emotions he felt then to getting married or having children. As many as 700 people had already died trying to reach the North Pole—more than twice as many who’ve died attempting to climb Mount Everest. The South Polar Times is reflective of the shift from commercial exploitation to scientific exploration in Antarctica. There is no land in the high Arctic—the ice cap here floats atop an abyss of frigid seawater. Somewhere, 1,000 miles away on the far side of a frozen jigsaw of shifting ice, they hoped to see Pangaea again. Directed by Robert Zemeckis. (1907-14). Meanwhile, two of Horn’s teeth broke when he bit into frozen chocolate, and Ousland, now forced into the role of emergency dentist, repaired them with temporary dental filling material he’d packed in his seemingly bottomless med kit. “It was one of the biggest experiences of my life.”, Gamme joined the hug and the three Norwegians wept together on the ice. At the start of the expedition, each man was hauling more than 400 pounds. “It was both Christmas and New Year’s at the same time in our sleds,” Rotmo says. He found it in small, one-person, inflatable boats called packrafts. The polar bear has evolved over time from the common brown bear by changing its fur colour to white, the ideal colour to blend in with its ice-covered surroundings. It was established in part to entertain the crew, all of whom were offered the opportunity to contribute. They knew Ousland and Horn were exhausted. Learn more They were well behind schedule and the equation was stark: with their remaining food, reaching Pangaea, says Ebbesen, “looked impossible.”, Meanwhile, a Norwegian reporter heard chatter of a possible rescue for the country’s polar legend. “It’s like a valve opened,” Horn says, “and all of a sudden everything you do is difficult—lifting your arm, taking your skis off, lifting your legs.”. Some weeks later, Ousland would be honored as the Norwegian Adventurer of the Year, his mother watching proudly from the audience. Like a trapdoor, the ice broke under Horn’s skis and he plunged into the Arctic Ocean. He was on his second round of doxycycline and barely had the dexterity to clip into his harness each day. He summoned a greeting: “Hi guys, how are you doing?”. Horn struggles to make his way across a small crack in the ice, known as a lead. But when they offered their bounty to Ousland and Horn, the men refused. Posted on December 31, 2020 by Rick Spilman December 31, 2020. Slowed by the poor conditions, the sleds they pulled were nearly empty of food. Although specific roles were assigned to particular members of Scott's Antarctic expeditions, it is noted in the preface to the first edition that a central condition of the production relied on the notion that it was to be open to all and that "the men as well as the officers were to be invited to contribute to its pages. The untold story of the boldest polar expedition of modern times Two of the greatest living polar explorers went to investigate the extent of the melting Arctic for themselves. That night he found a jagged crack spanning the sled’s polyethylene base. Ousland was pleased. On Christmas Eve, a young boy embarks on a magical adventure to the North Pole on the Polar Express, while learning about friendship, bravery, and the spirit of Christmas. A flare. The moon rose and cast a cold glow across an empty world. It only includes the first three volumes and is regarded as periodical material. He was certain his partner had suffered cold injuries that would require immediate rescue. The Conductor lets the boy board the train. He reached the ice shore, carefully stepped from his packraft, and embraced Rotmo. Now their expedition manager, Lars Ebbesen, was on the phone from Norway with a lifeline. “I have never been so cold, I think, in my whole life,” Ousland says.  Although the item is accessible to read, it must often be requested in advance and viewed in the library's reading rooms. They even lost ground while sleeping. As long as they reached 84 degrees, they would be in range of helicopters from Svalbard. Ousland described it as “Day One on Earth.”. “Polar bears will eat you if you let them,” Ousland says. The style of the magazine is colloquial and recounts the extreme conditions suffered in Antarctica. The documents released to the Times this week show a dark side to Santa's Workshop where nearly every Christmas Celebrator has their phone calls, texts, emails, and online histories recorded and mined for information on what gifts they want for Christmas. Eleven days after setting out, the men caught their last glimpse of our planet’s star as its final molten flicker melted into the horizon. “We have to take that chance.”. Conditions were not made for flying or rescue. Ousland’s son was having trouble sleeping and mused to reporters that at 57 his father was “not as young as he was before.” Ousland’s mother, who had never before felt the need to call Ebbesen and check on her son during expeditions, rang over and over. “Everything was escalating, and margins were getting smaller,” Gamme says. A key contributor of these illustrations was the chief of scientific staff, Edward Wilson, who was an experienced artist. It was 30 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. Yet all his life, he’d dreamed of “a classic north pole expedition where we sail in with boats,” like the stories his father read him. “It’s a little bit difficult to suddenly be ‘home’ speaking to my wife and my daughter.  Whilst editor, Shackleton also contributed substantially with original verses and writings. The scientific findings that are dispersed throughout the South Polar Times are reflective of the substantial contributions the expeditions made to meteorology, magnetism, geology and biology. In his journal, Ousland wrote, “Yes it is a struggle. Furthermore, some copies are listed as fragile material and therefore cannot be used by the public. Norwegian journalists were on board to cover the story that seemingly half of Europe was now following, and Rotmo and Gamme were feeling the strain. People across Europe were watching hourly updates. The time display view on Polar Loop 2 comes from your computerâs clock automatically. Who was up there? “I know what I’ve done, and I know what I’ve accomplished. Even if there were other explorers in this world willing to try, it’s unlikely ever to be repeated, due to the Arctic’s shrinking ice cap.  Wilson's notable roles on the expeditions was that of junior surgeon and zoologist. After hearing their news, he told them media coverage was at a fever pitch and he was being chauffeured to television studios to give live on-air reports. It documents first-hand many professional and personal aspects of Antarctic exploration, and highlights some of the physical and psychological hardships the men suffered. It won’t be me and you anymore. They are hungry.”. Ousland had planned their route to capitalize on two predictable Arctic Sea currents, the Beaufort Gyre and Transpolar Drift. ' Further, a common activity to pass time in the winter that is revealed in the South Polar Times is the composition of sonnets – a popular format of poetry in the Edwardian period. We provide cutting edge investigative reports into what may or may not truly or not truly be the most pressing issues of our time. Ousland’s biggest history-making trips had been decades earlier. I crossed the Polar Ocean.”. Join the American Polar Society now and keep abreast of the current news happening in the Arctic and Antarctica! If the infection infiltrated his bloodstream it would be more than just the expedition in jeopardy. The polar vortex is a spiralling low pressure system way up in the stratosphere above the North Pole. Exertion kept their vascular networks coursing with warm blood; when they paused, cold seeped into their chests. A few days later, Ousland’s sled became increasingly difficult to pull. Like most things this year, the event to benefit the Special Olympics Maryland is going virtual. It recounts the ‘barkinofdogs' and ‘neighinof horses' around the men's base. Lighter matter such as humorous anecdotes and poems was also encouraged. No explanatory notes accompany any editions of Scott's Antarctic journal. Telling the Time Worksheets. Ousland happened to be filming with a low-light camera and captured the moment when Horn fell through the ice one day before they finished their traverse. News about Polar Bears, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. You have one, max two tries and then all you can do is just think of all the good things you have experienced.”, Horn remembers being more deflated than afraid. Doctors told him he would lose his hands. The polar ice caps are melting six times faster than in the 1990s, according to the most complete analysis to date. They would have to cross it. It almost killed them. The pages are reprinted in the same dimensions as the original journal (11" x 8 ¼ "). https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Polar_Times&oldid=946649945, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 March 2020, at 14:55. Perhaps they’d finally gone too far. The cause is melting sea ice. In his journal, Scott writes about the perfect initial copy of the magazine, but acknowledges that in the circumstances, broad circulation would not be possible from their isolated location in Antarctica. Polar bear tracks. The end was in sight. With Tom Hanks, Chris Coppola, Michael Jeter, Leslie Zemeckis.  The front piece is an artistic work of three men hauling a sledge. Libraries in Australia, New Zealand, the UK, the US hold copies for members of the public to access and is most often held in the rare books collection. Polar night is opposite of midnight sun (polar day), when none of the Sun's disc is visible above the horizon at all. Differences, typically over the course of the Norwegian adventurer of the publication of American Polar now! Aboard, was reporting unusually hazardous ice conditions in the magazine featured various perspectives and generated discussion! Will come and they ’ d reached a psychological tipping point ice-class with a steel hull, would... 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