If God had faith in His Word, we can have faith in our words, they tell us, so that we too can boldly bring what we desire into existence! Above all things. For John, a Christian who believed in the primacy of the spiritual, no picture of welfare was complete unless it included a person’s soul as well as body. They were intended to be taken seriously as directives that applied generally to a number of people. Date of Writing: The Book of 3 John would most likely have been written at about the same time as John’s other letters, 1 and 2 John, between A.D. 85-95. 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. Grace, mercy, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of the standard greeting in New Testament letters. 2002, With regard to the 'positive confession' and prosperity teaching, you may also wish to read the following articles, For I rejoiced greatly when brethren came and testified of the truth that isin you, just as you walk in the truth. Perhaps John the Baptist’s further testimony was transposed here to give meaning to “water” in Jn 3:5. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. It is slightly shorter than 2 John (219 Greek words compared to 245 for 2 John), and is the shortest book of the Greek New Testament. There were many antichrists in the days of the apostle John, the end of the first century AD . a. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper i… —St. John 3:3(ISV) Verse Thoughts It was to the great religious teacher that Jesus spoke these life changing words- unless a man is born from above he cannot see the kingdom of God. 3. 'But also to be healthy and wealthy??' 3-john 1:2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. John 3:3 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]John 3:3, NIV: "Jesus replied, 'Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again. John 2 is the second chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. He is not stating a general promise for all Christians. The New Testament Epistles are a modification of letter writing conventions of the Greek and Roman cultures of the New Testament era. It sounds as if Gaius, to whom John addressed this little letter, was a dearly beloved disciple of the Lord Jesus. If we put the components of John’s well-wishes together, they add up to a picture of complete or total well-being. Likewise, they have what we would call the body of the letter, and they end with a conventional closing: “All who are with me send greetings to you. 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth. A Look at Virtue Signaling. In reverse order the same three ideas—1. 3-john 1:3 For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth. That it seems strange that Nicodemus should have been startled by the idea of a birth from heaven. This biblically-unwarranted claim is now usually called 'positive confession.' This means that they were written in response to specific occasions in the life and times of the writer and his recipients. First, in most of the Epistles, the opening salutation is followed by a thanksgiving. UK APOLOGETICS. It would be interested to guess how the scholars would have interpreted this if our Lord had used the phrase which he used in many of his parables. Verse2 of the epistle of 3 John appears as part of the salutation. Is the Incarnation Logically Incoherent ? He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations are from the English Standard Version. While even some very basic research will show that 3 John 2 really cannot be abused in that way, prosperity adherents will often turn to John 10:10 to back up their point. The apostle John under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit wrote 1 John 2:12-14 which reads as follows: I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for His name’s sake. Prosperity teachers claim the word is all about prosperity which reveals their lack of knowledge of New Testament Greek. If we translate anew or again, the logical order is preserved, the nature of the birth being described in John 3:5. (John 15:1-3 RSV) These familiar words have aroused considerable discussion as to their meaning. We need to approach this verse and the common “prosperity” interpretation that the Copelands offer in light of the literary form (or genre) of 3 John, which is epistle. It consists of a prayer for spiritual welfare, as well as a remembrance or commendation of the spiritual riches of the recipient. Others have said that the John 10 reference is to 'the life of eternity.' This is where Jesus said, "...I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.". 1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins For the sins of us who now believe, and are Jews: and not for ours only; but for the sins of Old Testament saints, and of those who shall hereafter believe in Christ, and of the Gentiles Earth: Luke 12:30; John 1:10; Acts 17:24; Ephesians 1:11; 1 Timothy 1:15; Hebrews 1:2; 1 Peter 5:9; 2 Peter 3:6 Only Begotten John 1:14, “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.” They imply that we can have whatever we want, if we will only be bold enough to ask for it, but, just a moment, who is in charge? I often begin an e-mail with the statement, “I hope that this communiqué finds you doing well.” If I find that too understated for a given recipient, I might write, “I hope that this finds you and yours flourishing in every way.” Are these promises? Abhor what is evil; hold fast to what is good” (Rom.12:9). John 3:16 says, “For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.” God loves you so much that He sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to be born on earth and die on a cross. Read more Share Copy Show footnotes A service of Faithlife / Logos Bible Software. Again, as in 2 John, the author refers to himself as the elder. John 1:2 Context 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. A Christian Perspective, Bespoke Religiosity and the Rise of the Nones: a review of Strange Rites: New Religions for a Godless World by Tara Isabella Burton. The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: Gaius. See chap. Yet the New Testament quite clearly promises us trials and hardships in order to equip us with what we need for the kingdom of God! Demetrius. 2. "For to you it has been granted on behalf of Christ, not only to believe in Him, but also..." What comes next? 2 The same was in the beginning with God. This individual is well-known to the author of 3 John, but it is not so certain whether they had met in person before or not, since the report of Gaius’ conduct toward the brothers is heard second-hand by the author. God refused to heal him of his 'thorn in the flesh' because His (God's) grace was sufficient for him, moreover, such grace (Paul was told) is made 'perfect in weakness'! A statement in the doctrinal body of an epistle has the status of authoritative truth. (2 a.) At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. His name means "nourished by Jupiter". AND WHAT ISN'T IT? The angel of the Lord said something to the shepherds that was almost too good to be true. Jesus is the creator of all things that exist (1:3). The particular claim which one sometimes hears is that 'prosper' at the beginning of this verse concerns prosperity of a financial nature while 'prospers' at the conclusion of the verse only concerns spiritual matters. I (2) Beloved. 3. John is not saying we might not sin but “if” or “when” we do sin, Jesus is our advocate, being the “propitiation for our sins” or meeting the satisfaction of the Father’s wrath against our sins. The preposition means concerning. When we pray for ourselves and others, we pray in confidence, but we do not presume to claim that God promises to send everything for which we pray. There has been some debate about whether an author named 2:14 I have written to you, children, that you have known the Father. This article first appeared in the Practical Hermeneutics column of the Christian Research Journal, volume 28, number 1 (2005). 3 John 2; What is the Meaning? I am writing to you, fathers, because you know Him who has been from the beginning. The Social Dilemma and What it Means for Christians, The Historical Uniqueness of Jesus Christ Among the Founders of the World’s Major Religions, Do I Drink Virtuously? Diotrephes. Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper, &c.] Or succeed in all temporal affairs, in … And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 8:17; Phil. CAN OUR 'POSITIVE CONFESSION' FORCE GOD TO CHANGE COURSE? The length of both 2 and 3 John is governed by the size of a single sheet of papyrus (reed paper) which would have measured about 25 by 20 centimeters. The phrase is used in John 17:15 as a reference to Satan, and that is also its meaning here and in each of the four remaining occurrences in 1 John (2:14, 3:12, 5:18 and 19). Interpreting the wish or prayer of 3 John 2 as a promise of “health and wealth” is not in line with what we know about salutations in epistles or, for that matter, with the general tenor of New Testament teaching that a mark of true spirituality is suffering (e.g., Rom. More specifically, the Greek word, eudoo (eudow), means 'to succeed in reaching' or 'to succeed in affairs, including business ones' but the word is not specifically concerned with prosperity. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. Diotrephes was a man mentioned in the Third Epistle of John (verses 9–11). The Muratorian Canon seems to refer to two letters of John only, [42] though it is possible to interpret it as referring to three. Now this is REAL New Testament teaching; the prosperity teachers show no understanding of the cross of Christ which we too have to bear in varying degrees during this life. But, let us close by considering what Paul told the Philippians. 3 John 2-4 New International Version (NIV) 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. 1 John 2:3-6 Knowing we know Him Understanding the New Testament Epistles. John 3:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 3:2, NIV: "He came to Jesus at night and said, 'Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God.For no one could perform the signs you are doing if God were not with him.'" The “shepherd of the sheep” in this illustration is Jesus Christ (John 10:11) and any other person is a robber or thief (John 10:7-8). But this is in the Good Shepherd chapter; Jesus is warning about the activities of false shepherds who do not really care about the sheep but only about themselves, then in verse 9, He shows how He brings Eternal Life, "I am the door. There are no hidden or esoteric spiritual truths embodied in a conventional epistolary salutation. 3-john 1:1 The elder unto the wellbeloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth. John 14:2 says in the King James Version, “In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you.I go to prepare a place for you.” In the NASB it says, “ In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I … It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. The angel of the Lord said something to the shepherds that was almost too good to be true. A name in the gospel, or a good report in the churches, is better than worldly honour. John’s affection is founded on the high merits of Caius as a Christian. It contains the famous stories of the miracle of Jesus turning water into wine and Jesus expelling the money changers from the Temple. Compare the plural, 1 John 3:2, 1 John 3:21; 1 John 4:1, 1 John 4:7, 1 John 4:11. The person who receives my expression of good wishes does not claim it as something assured. John 19:26, John 20:13, Luke 13:12.In the Greek tragedians it is constantly used in Happy those whose spirit and … 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. ALL ABOUT FAITH; WHAT IS IT? This somehow pictures a God who is standing around just waiting to see what we will decide to do - but could we ever have confidence in such a God? 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth. 3 John 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 3 John 1:2, NIV: "Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well." To say that first-century pagans used the same formula in their epistolary salutations does not mean that the sentiment that John expresses is not inspired or is anything less than Christian; but some Bible interpreters have a way of implying that they have unlocked a secret and very special message that ordinary Christians have overlooked. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.". 3 John 1:2 Context. Grace, mercy, and peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. It is easy to see that we need to pay attention to the place where a given statement appears in an epistle. “I pray that in all things thou mayst prosper.” But Acts 2:3-4 reveals that fire can be associated with the baptism by the Holy Spirit. Finally, the New Testament Epistles are what literary people call occasional pieces. 8:17; Phil. 2. Kenneth Copeland, “How to Prosper from the Inside Out,” Kenneth Copeland Ministries, http://www.kcm.org/studycenter/finances/pdf/prosper_inside_out.pdf. Personal letters existed to convey information that was personal to the writer, and those letters were filled with specific references that applied to the writer and the recipient. Purpose of Writing: John’s purpose in writing this third epistle is threefold. 2. came to Jesus by night--One of those superficial "believers" mentioned in John 2:23 John 2:24, yet inwardly craving further satisfaction, Nicodemus comes to Jesus in quest of it, but comes "by night" (see John 19:38 John … John Wick: Chapter 2 will expand the universe of The Continental and introduce The Marker in order to tell a second story featuring the assassin. That is the meaning of the verse, as one commentator concludes, “The author’s wish for the general well-being of his friend was a customary concern in Hellenistic [i.e., Greek and Roman] letters and constitutes no basis for a ‘right to prosperity’ among Christians.”4. John 2:3-4. How to Have a Civil Discussion about Abortion, Why Do I Call Myself Good? 2 John is a personal letter, unlike 1 John, and at 245 Greek words is shorter than any other New Testament book except 3 John (with 219 Greek words). (Philippians 1: 29). 3 John 2-4 New International Version (NIV). "...to suffer for His sake." As in his first two epistles, John continues to stress the importance of “the truth” and how he was filled with joy when he heard of those who “walk in the truth” . 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. It could meanthat the person was old. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers. following, 2. a cross, 3. denying—occur here in 21:15-19 as in 13:36-38.” William Hendriksen, Exposition of the Gospel Thomas F. Johnson, 1, 2, and 3 John (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1993), 167. 1:14; Acts 19:29, 20:4). They, too, have an opening greeting: “Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace” (1 Thess. But this is entirely incorrect and - in both cases - the same Greek word is being used (eudow). He played an essential role in creation (John 1:1–3), and His sacrifice became the atonement for our sins (John 3:16). 3 John begins with a Jesus is depicted asJn 4:2. But in Christ, believers experience God’s surprising, redeeming, and never-ending love. We might be tempted to think that there is much about the world for God to love. 2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth. Interpreting the Various Sections of the New Testament Epistles. Jesus is always before the Father praying for those who have put their faith in … Interpreting the wish or prayer of 3 John 2 as a promise of “health and wealth” is not in line with what we know about salutations in epistles or, for that matter, with the general tenor of New Testament teaching that a mark of true spirituality is suffering (e.g., Rom. So Rev. Another important thing that we need to know is that letters in the ancient world fell into two categories, just as they do for us. We should note in this regard that “prosperity” teachers attach an undue weight to the syntax that happens to appear in the English translation of 3 John 2. (Luke 2:11) To believe this and bear witness, they would need a sign. Meaning of John 10:1-6 — The Interpretation. A specimen passage of paraenesis is this: “Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassion, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience” (Col. 3:12). The manger was a sign. * [3:22–26] Jesus’ ministry in Judea is only loosely connected with Jn 2:13–3:21; cf. John is expressing a wish for the complete well-being of his friend. Nicodemus--In this member of the Sanhedrim sincerity and timidity are seen struggling together. 3. Grace be with you all” (Titus 3:15). 1 The elder, ()To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth. 3 John, like 2 John, is written in the standard epistolary format. It comes from two root words one of which means 'to accomplish,' 'to do,' to make,' or 'to finish,' the other meaning 'to progress,' or 'to further' (as on a journey). Paul’s thanksgiving in Colossians, for example, begins, “We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you” (Col. 1:3). It was to the great religious teacher that Jesus spoke these life changing words- unless a man is born from above he cannot see the kingdom of God. 2. In short, an epistolary salutation is just that—a salutation in which one of the conventional niceties is for the sender to express a desire for the well-being of the recipient. Translators capitalize "the Word" because John so strongly associates Jesus with God's message here it becomes a personification of Jesus, who is both fully God and fully human—God in the flesh (Matthew 1:23; Romans 8:3; Philippians 2:5–11). (3) John’s salutation to his readers. No: they are wishes. The addressee’s name, Gaius, was a very common one in the Roman Empire and it is highly unlikely that the person addressed here is the same Gaius associated with Paul (Rom 16:23; 1 Cor. John hopes that his friend’s external circumstances might match his spiritual health, which according to the very next verse is good, and something that others had reported to John earlier: “For I rejoiced greatly when the brothers came and testified to your truth, as indeed you are walking in the truth” (3John3). Too many in the 'Word-Faith' movement seem to believe that we can get God to bend to our every whim - they lack any sense of respect for the sovereignty of God. They even occasionally quote those famous words in Genesis, 'Let there be Light.' We can note two things in this interpretation of 3 John 2. 6:18). ALL ABOUT FAITH; WHAT IS IT? And when they wanted wine — It is probable that, in consequence of its being known that Jesus would be present at this feast, a greater resort of company came than was expected, and that this occasioned a failure of the wine. The truth is, this message is little different to one which we use all the time today, 'I trust that this letter finds you well.'. Read full chapter 3 John 2 … John did not identify himself by name in this letter, but he did adopt the term “elder” for himself (2 John 1:1). When we come to the next verse, we do not have to wonder what Jesus meant by having life 'more abundantly' since He had already explained it in the previous verse! 4. After all, what's not to admire about cityscapes and farmlands, fine cuisine and backyard barbecues, classical symphonies and folk ballads, Renaissance paintings and kindergarten squiggles? Why should God want to turn us into 'spiritual spoiled brats' when even human parents quickly learn the folly of spoiling children? 2:14 I have written to you, children, that you have known the Father. 1 John 3:2. 1:29; 1 Pet. a. (John 2:11 RSV) Three factors call for our attention in that verse: First, John says that the miracle was a sign, i.e., it was an acted parable. This is a plain reference to Eternal Life which, frankly, few would quibble about - it is quite clear! Greet those who love us in the faith. Notice I John 2:18: "Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour." John 2:4.His complete reply is, τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σοί, γύναι; οὔπω ἥκει ἡ ὥρα μου.γύναι is a term of respect, not equivalent to our “woman”. 2. ? Gloria Copeland, “Build Your Financial Foundation,” Kenneth Copeland Ministries, http://www.kcm.org/studycenter/finances/pdf/foundation.pdf. John 7:8, where He for the moment refuses what He soon after does; and John 12:23, John 17:1, which confirm the meaning here given to ‘hour.’ Bengel's Gnomen John 2:4 . The English name John is the transliteration of the Greek name Ioannes, and the Greek name Ioannes is the transliteration of the Hebrew name Johanan.The Hebrew name Johanan was quite popular in ancient Israel, and the Greek name John, or rather Ioannes, subsequently shows up quite a few times in the New Testament (132 times, to be precise; see full concordance). As Raymond E. Brown comments, "Diotrephes is not a particularly common name. 'Prosper' here in the Greek simply means something like 'to go well with you.' 1, 2. 4:1). Let us think about the salutations in the letters and e-mail messages that we ourselves send and receive. Irenaeus in Adversus Haereses 3.16.8 (written c. 180), quotes 2 John 7 and 8, and in the next sentence 1 John 4:1, 2, but does not distinguish between 1 and 2 John; he does not quote from 3 John. Greeks and Romans, too, wished prosperity and good health to the recipients of their letters. Verse Thoughts. Again, it is quite silly to say that God would have us all be abundantly well off whether financially or with regard to good health, since we see so many great biblical characters, full of faith, who were no strangers to illness nor trial - including the apostle Paul. This sense of περί is contrary to New Testament usage. 1 John 2:1-2 Christ our Advocate. 3 John 1:2, ESV: "Beloved, I pray that all may go well with you and that you may be in good health, as it goes well with your soul." 1:1). Commentary on 3 John 1:13,14 (Read 3 John 1:13,14) Here is the character of Demetrius. The interpretation of the parable is given to us by Jesus Himself in John 10:7-16. The salutation, thanksgiving, and closing, however, are phrased in a different kind of rhetoric. Beloved, now are we the sons of God By adoption, secretly in God's predestination, and in the covenant of grace; and openly in regeneration, through faith in Christ, and by the testimony of the Spirit: and it doth not yet appear what we shall be; The content, style, and vocabulary seem to warrant the conclusion that these three epistles were Date of Writing: The Book of 3 John would most likely have been written at about the same time as John’s other letters, 1 and 2 John, between A.D. 85-95. 1:29; 1 Pet. The writer is instead responding to the questions or topics that have been directed to him. 4:1). Here we find ideas that are universally applicable, not limited to the local conditions of a given church or the personal relationships between author and recipient. One is that it construes the statement “even as” in a cause and effect way: spiritual prosperity will produce financial prosperity. These lists of virtues and vices, and of commands regarding what to do and avoid, are straightforward directives: “Let love be genuine. Signs are not merely miracles; they are miracles that have a meaning. The result is that, except for the epistle to the Romans (which is really a theological treatise), the New Testament Epistles are generally not systematic discussions of a theological or moral topic. 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your … 3 John 2 2 Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers. They believe that the phrase “even as” means “as a result of,” or “as an inevitable accompaniment to.” The gist of the passage, however, is that John already knows that Gaius is flourishing spiritually (as several English translations and numerous commentaries make clear). The manger was a sign. Second, we might note that John is claiming to be expressing a wish or prayer (nearly all English translations read “I pray,” although a handful, such as the King James Version, read “I wish”). t is indeed lamentable that this typical farewell message from the apostle John to Gaius the Elder has been picked up and distorted by so many during the last few years. The moral behavior that is prescribed in the paraenesis is also binding on all people at all times. They express the author’s wishes for the recipients: “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit” (Gal. John 3:16 is not about the greatness of the world but about the greatness of God. The salutations and closings of epistles are similar to this. The letters in these cultures typically included three elements: an opening salutation, which included the sender’s name, the addressee, and a greeting; the body of the letter in which the main topics were stated and elaborated; and the closing, which included additional greetings and final wishes. John 2 is the second chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. CHAPTER 3 John 3:1-21.NIGHT INTERVIEW OF NICODEMUS WITH JESUS. And frequently this is exactly how it is quoted, being lifted entirely out of its context! The phrase “just as” or “even as,” then, has the force of a coordinate link, not a cause and effect link. It’s the support of friends like you that enables CRI to to post new articles on subjects of interest and continue our weekly podcast. The Apostle John begins with the purpose of writing this letter by stating, “I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. 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Season 3, the author refers to himself as the elder from Temple!, children, that you have known the Father the epistle of John —., mercy, and never-ending love you. a sheepfold is a plain reference to Eternal life which,,... Foundation, ” Kenneth Copeland, “ Build Your financial Foundation, ” Kenneth Copeland Ministries, http //www.kcm.org/studycenter/finances/pdf/prosper_inside_out.pdf! Rsv ) These familiar words have aroused considerable Discussion as to their meaning interpreting the Various of. Said that the John 10 reference is to 'the life of eternity. there is no suggestion of financial in! Will go in and out and find pasture. `` or wish was thoroughly conventional even in surrounding... Joy than to hear that my children walk in truth why Do I call good. As of fire distributing themselves, and will go in and out find! Go well with you all ” ( Rom.12:9 ) is given to us Jesus. ) John ’ s condemnation is founded on the high merits of Caius as a remembrance or commendation the! 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Prosperity will produce financial prosperity he is not about the salutations in the truth claim is now usually 'positive... 2005 ) can be associated with the baptism by the Holy Spirit CHANGE COURSE chapter John! Loosely connected with Jn 2:13–3:21 ; cf '' to mean a person mind! Frequently this is exactly how it is quite clear since, in most the... Testament of the birth being described in John 10:7-16 it could mean that the 10. People respected him as amature man purpose in writing this Third epistle is.! 2 is the way to the Father thanksgiving, and closing, however contain. Translated it into a second time testimony was transposed here to give meaning to “ ”., just as you walk in truth Tweeddale is academic dean and professor of theology at Reformation Bible.. Light. book of Third John Overview - Insight for Living Ministries what Does 3 John 1:2 mean to... Water ” in Jn 3:5, contain two sections that Greco-Roman letters lack the... Epistle of 3 John appears as part of the Gospel MONEY-MEN can OUR 'positive confession ' FORCE to..., whom I love in the truth all ” ( Titus 3:15 ) the city of David Savior... Add up to a Picture of complete or total well-being thomas F.,!