CMYK kt1xVfceQfKNzpkumXGnrLZTypcTRvJKxeWNQquzl+Zai7mu+9a1OKpfL5L/AC7vru0097FbiW3j /wC7+Kik9sVRWr/m7q+k+bdb06DT/wBMxLqej6VpFqk0dv8AHqdhJc8/UKNUF4wPiOwNa9sVQMf/ C=80 M=10 Y=45 K=0 It is important that the airway doctor briefs them on what they what them to do e.g. Safe – for staff and patient.. ubi2lnN08ds8ji29S2WKUTSLK6zhYwZamMAlyWPck74qvf8AI/TWhtIlhljFlHFDAyNahhHC80ir The pdf paediatric airway summary is available here. Anaesthetists must be familiar with the equipment before it is needed in an emergency. CMYK ArialMT 7+pLbJH6K+mkMXqGV5CKIQPhPAsMVa0/XPzGnubcTNbLbyXcEMpWxvEIha0+sSyAyzowHq/uQWjF 6W3iTSZYz9QnvJlELuiRowiaX7LLKoLU4knfeuKtmy/Kj9LyWUktuLpLV7pnkvW4PFeLL6z/ABTf PROCESS 60.000000 Airway equipment. Airway RescueWith i-Gel i-Gel is established in emergency airway control. • Talk to the patient A patient who can speak clearly must have a clear airway. T00SNALwtJ9X9VeUjIvxn4+YqAqmLafyuY+Hn0ztFDcXrrHJO9IIpiXesN1wCxV4D1FbetQwHFVC Airway injury is a major cause of early death in trauma. e6S4+vUnkKxRowWBEkuH+Hm3IlmPLo1djiqwfltqTyKLnzHdXNulvJBGspneRXltJLaSVXe4YVZp 40.000000 0.000000 The … 0 endstream endobj startxref 100.000000 0.000000 CMYK navplzYH6xwuLxtQ9blamRJ2gNvVSYypIQk8nDPy+LlXfFUG3/OP+mtE8TPe0eGOAss1uj8YrQWY xeXtr6nqXk1xNIIo6WwjLb3LOzGZRKiemyhuhTfkoeiYq7FXYq7FUbo3/HTg+Z/4icVSnnrFxeS2 0.000000 0.000000 Can J Anesth. No single system of classification Face Mask 22 mm orifice Transparent/ black rubber Hook Minimize dead space . H��W[s��~��G�1!�{��ib�渝�:�D� @�U��~gw��$'�k5n���칟'/O�ɏ�{��)e������|�&c��(�yjr��H�5l��.�3�D���q��F�C��R�SRe��*�z?�Nx�NE���r��53ܦYf���r1:y���w���ѓi4��QS�Oz�^�$�o�Oʔ[�3�tʥ�l��_��uU��{\���k�L�A�,�������M�\T횝Ϋ�]S�k:s2�F \�z�A;�:)������7/^��@S,���t rigid or flexible). NLeSG7WW6uEikjcCiSxqzK7rI5Whoa9MVTseS/I2slNRiU3hWVJReQXtwxaa2AjjdpI5vjeLjsWJ la2MqvCbeYMWhk9JkBKhORemxYbEE0BxVEx+fvLkt/pljDLI9zq31n6tE0bROv1Pl63qpL6boeUb 3.2. vzC83XlnJdXPla8sgsMrpDJJMZDJEYgFZBBXiyykgryb4GAQnFVyefvN8l4beLy3cGMFeVy8lzHH Learning Bite Can J Anesth. PROCESS Magenta 1sYYCkNtFZux9Zpau5uoLk0Pp0Xjx6Hr2VSy78wNp3luxvyYbhphDH9ZllFtbfGv97JKqyCNDTYh Accurate – avoiding unreliable, unfamiliar or repeated techniques.. C=0 M=35 Y=85 K=0 equipment, airway management, difficult intubation. qtRuPj8NcUPPLzQ/ywudN17WLnXWuVumuGvljnjjPFLkzRwxwS7clkt34N1cs7VIIopRknlv8s57 Jaw thrust. Management of adults with Difficult Airways should be as per Algorithm 2 Consensus on p.2 of this guideline. C=85 M=10 Y=100 K=10 C=75 M=0 Y=75 K=0 zcNRTSUbb7gf5eKU8u73z79csY7OxtzayRW5vp5lUGORpQLiiLct9iLdVHIf5ZpxZQkwuvzeTWfq emergency airway equipment preparation (EAEP) [17], though their impact on patient-centred outcomes has not been studied. Basic Airway Management (Manual / Non equipment) 1. 0.000000 2020-04-06T23:42:22-04:00 yUCnjzKBS3ToaKEwtfzF0yb9KGa0mtf0VaPezRTPb+syQyzQyhUWVh8LW/2uVNxuMVQGofm3o9pb jJHUyKF/eKCV+1iqEl/NPzn+jmvofKN+5iuvqzWRF2J5EaN2WZA1sgEfJRVj07gfDVVExfmJ5zlu CMYK JpYvUtwvBZQ55fuyOfxKpfBp2uXv6V1K/wBJ866NZaZJBZ2yaRdo8t39UiEMTxWclvA/pL6fqjiW 100.000000 8x7+FdJtNf8ANV9qbXTW2pxXmlWK28Mtv9UnSa39RXtJODyhH5PGpDfCBsSpVMNA1HWtT03S7Dy3 KL6ZU7/zDtviqLn8zeXIGVJ9Vs4meJZ1V7iJSYnIVJAC32GLABuhxVRXzf5cEBmur+CxAaZeF3LF kUfmG7suB1BWeKKOdEeUMzDbiLqaWUsI12bjx4gDBHhiaA9Nk17zZZ8RNcRs0B8hSe2tlIhlWZnK The pdf paediatric airway summary is available here. 2020-04-06T23:42:22-04:00 TuQO+KpHb/mbLeSRw2mnRfWXe0D2dxcSxTxx3ciQ+o4W2kRaSSCi86svxbbYodJ+bGj2D38OqxPH 0.000000 Equipment for basic airway management Society for Airway Management Airway Management for the Uninitiated Airway obstruction by an unexpected equipment … This requires safe, effective and reliable use of equipment, often in combination. Swift – timely, without rush or delay.. Summary for emergency tracheal intubation of COVID-19 patient. PROCESS 35.000000 The equipment described here by no means constitutes a list of everything being available for airway management. SQzxMHjdGFVZWUkMCOhGKtz3NvboJLiVIY2dI1eRgoLyuI41qafE7sFUdyaYqqYqsnnhghknnkWK mxKpljt3dWkCMeUo9QookH2iab4pTCO70W6tYpZ/JE6ys8MckUljCQtPUi5AncrGkdFPEbMvQE0U isn1jiBydWpuQu1MVZVirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVRujf8AHTg+Z/4icVQW 1 CMYK 29.998800 These connectors are also described as being male or female connectors. RIFDbChFRvirYvvLsdgLmLyHdpJNL9Ue0/RtuJPTVVnLtxLL6dQAtW3cU264pQ+sa35Zg1C4sf8A 50.000000 0.000000 ZHOlW15aaRFZrcpdXMuoNBIJ5eDPDGIFJL81Apiqbt+c92G1EL5eZhBr58saW5u0C3d+JWT4qx8o 100.000000 0.000000 ZXPoqrzrI0lnNHx4LCqzGb1uSnYDl8C7MVRuvJc+jN5g8veTtfuNVtL5JE0y+it4FT6sjyiWFvSu O6r/AL//AOFT+mKu/Tuq/wC//wDhU/pirv07qv8Av/8A4VP6Yq79O6r/AL//AOFT+mKu/Tuq/wC/ vZ7NYVmCuvoXXouS5ic8H9OVuPVfh69sVdb/AJu2UFj6uqafc+rDDBLcy2iK8QM9mbsAK7rIK8HX GUIDELINE LEVEL OF EVIDENCE In the trauma adult requiring emergency control of the airway, what is the best treatment algorithm to follow for management of a ‘difficult airway’? rcovIpLmzZwt0PUVxG3BmYup2+Heiqbab5i8i+e/PZsU8szXtn5m0Bbi61iZyGECSyQiMx+p+5VX 0.000000 0.000000 PROCESS b1AWYK/YfYouKGRaR5Y8pounzaIwjt9La4ihW0uGaIicFZ4ZQGYOOYVqHdWUUpiqhcflh5HuGYya Different modes of intubation in Anaesthesia. Basic airway management involves maneuvers that do not require specialized medical equipment (in contrast to advanced airway management). riGdrqGVJ7xj6P2WubdlIZqP0pRWaqqQ2vkD8yrrTpotG832z3EiH69eQ6jdys1zNpNnFHKSimh9 /hOzbWIpZ9OpaH0p4mmmab1E9ESQ26tzf1eNVVStfbCqT29v+VNxaRXsd3bLbMzSwvJeSwgGR1Xk lSMRiQN6lZjIv7qtW23OKEQPzI8nckU3sitJFLPGr2t0paKCMyu4DRAkcASv83RanFUO/wCavkuK PROCESS 100.000000 UH2uyqnpv5N6pDqmq2Ml65sLny6dEXV5YY/UaWSC0gDIFuJJGjjWzLcHVOLO1C1a4qrQ/kDHBpaa White application/pdf A91LdvJLDDdyaZCbaaVXaQMJK8nV5OT/AAgsd2p3xVnqWNkFjpbRJwdpUARfhkkB5sKDZm5tyPep gYtbozcixFY1YH9jmdsVVrXz/wCdWmlE3lm5a3juJYhNG86O0avGI3SKWBahhMN2da8XNBTjiq/S Quality control was poor in most instances. CMYK 75.000000 5Bo5GL/CRyPXbbAqu/5T6OujnRbW+urbSZLtru4tAY3EisiIIOTISsaemCgX7JA/lWiqi/5R2ros 1rY3H1Vm0+UBbU3crLaXJDPNHHSVWJ4h+fEniAfsYqjNN1f8qLO9nksIIkNx9UuJZI7WRkLzrNeQ QhV0X8oLiL047q2ljL3MzXEeoTH95c+nDc8rhZvtS+oqkF6mvucUq18n5X3fCHU9ShvJUtorOS6l rXCyo3KPinDiK/yjFVKbzH+XEmreXY9H8vlLizudK0OP6wpSJLHX7OS6EYSKcrJSOvL1VYBiaV+1 Disclosures! 1 0 obj <>/OCGs[9 0 R]>>/Pages 3 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream Difficult situational intubation – While elective intubation would normally be straight forward, the current circumstances (working outside of normal environment or team, lack of airway assistant or equipment, conflict in the team, lack of time to prepare fully e.g. vG+KJEnQepJG6RAsBMHO1dwewxQh9R0D8orfTyssVrLaadItrOkd0WFt9eKWpMv70emp9IVLdOJI 90.000000 j1DXBFFYKQF5A0xVPvJfk7TvKGi/obTJ7mbT0mklto7p1kMKynkYoyFT92GqQDU7nfFU+xV2KuxV How many times may it be reused? CMYK Green 1989;36:94–98. 40.000000 /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgEAlgCWAAD/7QAsUGhvdG9zaG9wIDMuMAA4QklNA+0AAAAAABAAlgAAAAEA laryngoscopes, bronchoscopes), the method used to transmit an image (eg. 0.000000 With equipment :- oral/nasopharyngeal airway - endotracheal intubation - laryngeal mask airway (LMA) - combitube - cricothyrotomy - tracheostomy. PnnTridJfKV1qUZuZ0tmtYpYuNvFIVjdyPrPPmKEEcT1+GnHkpTObzvrqzzKvli6IguLi2WZhPQr %PDF-1.5 %���� CMYK 0.000000 Ywqz216Q6/FyICggjrTZSgkXRT5csYdSg52Uq20AgvVW4YySMqRrLT1FZ/UIBbpXeuKEl0jzB+Vm MyriadPro-Bold Regular 4qoWjEli24JqTXfFXiFhGmoQWtn5g0X8wLu5nt5bOW2uQt5aI15aLbNJ68qQLyWNqeoyqFdnJ/aO 0.000000 CMYK 20.000000 Quality control was poor in most instances. 0.000000 PROCESS Because of the complexity of airway management, manufacturers continue to produce an endless array of tools and equipment to aid in the management of the airway. /wDhU/pirv07qv8Av/8A4VP6YqitM1fUJ76KKWXlGxPIcVHYnsMUsT+q+eJ9Zuv8LzR26rBB9ca4 lpp9q9zJKSLz0nMloXX1UkE3MJwDMCrUKHfYnFUb/wAq7/LfV7VKWMF/bwcoVkWeWWhVhVS4kJqh I miss one thing that is emphasised in our system (university hospital in Norway): Back here its the anestestist that handle all advanced airway management ( ER, OR, ICU), and in a presumed difficult airway case, we would always consider taking the patient to the OR for securing the airway. C=0 M=75 Y=100 K=0 10.000000 hVauvzF0715dPb8zLuC8W41CJXTRXcP6iRlYkURu9LRqsr9W5UqQMVUZ/PM1sb6Ob8xry6ubOZ7q hneLmzqj3VwVVWYsYlUSBRGeXxJSjbF+R3xVFv5L8tOkMb2dUgmtrmJTLLRZrNBHA9OfVUAH+VQc Yellow MyriadPro-Regular Airway equipment. C=50 M=50 Y=60 K=25 0.000000 90.000000 100.000000 ivQkYqpWPk7yMur/AFkQ/WNV0+9lkSaeSQvHcXQ+tFEBKpQK4ZVUUHX7XI4qpQ+V/Ia3Js3V57hp 3) There are no secrets or magical pieces of equipment! CMYK Cyan PROCESS C=0 M=0 Y=0 K=40 4rY+Wry39e79FZmWd0igWSJTLIRGifGjyEUfYjoRviqjd/md5yB1GO18qX4NqkwtrqUXRjllRyqc Two-handed face mask technique. l+VOuWzXEx823st9dx+lc3x9dZSqoUi4hLlU+Dm32lY7/Dxb4sVTW28i6xbQTRp5kvZHmjjRmnku Advanced airway equipment includes the laryngeal mask airway, laryngeal tube, esophageal-tracheal tube, and endotracheal tube. q/vpVJLtAaBeXvQYqn/5Yed5/OvlC28wTadJpjXDyKsLsroyoxAeJwasv7NWVTyB2pQlVleKuxVI ju0gt7dvUk+wxPJipILtXZVM9V/Iix1JpjObmMTxwROIGtISBbrEicXSIOFpAvwcuFdwoNKKq7/k 1OT0ZXWFlaW1xdXl9WZ2hpamtsbW5vY3R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3OEhYaHiImKi4yNjo+Ck5SVlpeYmZ KKruR4b4qg7X81PJ08kEbXE1vLcwxzQRTQSiRvUR5BGEVWbnxjrSnxVXgWqMVRnl/wA/eWdfmjg0 PROCESS C=50 M=70 Y=80 K=70 ot5JIYWYf6NGVf1WZU58Sy0UrXrsqlEn5yadGTfPYXA0aO3M0siiJ5wXjtJICUEuwcXnGm+9DsOV I have demonstrated needle cricothyrotomy on mannequins (without leaving a great big hole), on awake ‘difficult airway’ patients and as part of the provision of airway anaesthesia prior to awake fibreoptic intubation. 5.000000 X9a35Bb7133JBLAEFaVUoy20a1SxltL7z/HfLPZzQPJPMCW+srJIjlDcmIqqVZfg5UX7fD4cVQEG 100.000000 0.000000 5rJUkknoskls0skSKpWNB9WkNSoHLqSX3xVHWf5f+V7aG5hFrziuZA7IWYcQtsbREUqQ1FhZhuSa 50.000000 BSmKVsOufmGtwPrHlqA2vIcnS8QOqELybjR+RUhqAfaqOlN1CfaDqF5qOj2t9eWT6dczpykspTye SMH_20200406_Protected Airway Equipment Checklists zqsdjHcPp7C0W+ERD2tGtjGS/qK0iRKtVarKopvU4qkK+X/yZMk9utqn1e9uxpk90LyX0Hl9H64F kiMd2bs+jHPczzzLGtJeHq+rzYqVruO3RVTTSvywENrpWmXKtHq00SQpY3zSHjaPLeAqfVYxx+or Vk5xfEZD4DniqU6faSahoWr/AJhWOjaZDoOnLNqWkxzzahLfS3Hl22mtLCeVhOsXEemVaOnxLuSW L6jtHxJ5bMrLRgenJfHFXJ518ovKY11i0JBKl/VQJVQjU9QnhWky033+g4qil8x+Xmspb9dUtGsY eeetU0zVlsvLt7pV1DbXTWVxdM/JpI1QRGOP0WVmZpCQp/l770VRh85+cX0u+aDRZ47u0t7toWnM +owST0z8XJl2qRVQyHy75p8pak7aboVzFILT1E9CCN0jQQMquF+FUopkXp1rtiqfYq7FXYq7FXYq xV2KuxV2KuxV2KuxV2Ko3Rv+OnB8z/xE4qkcU3mOPWLsaFDeTMYIPrXo/UhCp5S+nQ3LI/PrypUU 0.000000 b8fXiMLOlvIPSMUSfBs3F6Kr1piqD17zIsWkSSf4AYXXwMA0EqcLm5d4k9OWO3DGWhRuSsp+LjyV Figure 3. Chin lift 3. Assembled equipment. EzR1Z3IrxKmtKUUItE/LO+eSyS7geT15QQLuVG+sXNwJHVJPUU8zNaghUNRTaindVUk0z8tLrTrG X5l2ek6ZeXPmxP0hpsGr/pfVbm/u41pecDbyrIVb04rb0EleP4UYpxPwsWxVOtd8iebEhs9UOthJ It is imperative that the emergency airway equipment is adequate, where anaesthesia is performed. The main advantage of an NPA over an OPA is that it can be used in either conscious or unconscious individuals because the device does not stimulate the gag reflex. �BԮ#�6��U�3x�/� �虦�*��{qP�L��:w��F����m�p�E5���Tۍ��B�Gu8�@HB�W7@=P����$�{$8������n��[�_��ا��'3�>�r��)=��v��I?\�OĮeS7��7�����4���7 ^ܽw����w���[]N@x��)� C=35 M=60 Y=80 K=25 0.000000 The unconscious patient may require airway and ventilatory assistance. UtHhMxZi8CRygvElQzRTkqKyY3PCNUQnk6OzNhdUZHTD0uIIJoMJChgZhJRFRqS0VtNVKBry4/PE It is a streamlined, cognitively intuitive equipment storage unit for airway emergencies. 0.000000 C=20 M=0 Y=100 K=0 / 0.000000 PROCESS 0.000000 C=40 M=45 Y=50 K=5 xmp.iid:ad759315-0385-4cad-8157-4e1117391f62 GJS8srkKqqoqzMx2AA6nFV4IIqNwcVdirsVdirsVfL3/ADk5+U+vSeYZPO2kW0l9ZXcca6pHCpeS FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES Equipment for airway management Learning objectives After reading the article, you should be able to: C list the approaches t... Download PDF . The education gap and routine use of ‘rescue’ airway equipment Competence in using the equipment required for managing unexpected airway difficulty is an expected minimum of a PROCESS Points 100.000000 For evidence on the efficacy of these devices visit our Research Page and search for the appropriate device. 0+PzhJSktMTU5PRldYWVpbXF1eX1RlZmdoaWprbG1ub2R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3OEhYaHiImKi4yNjo Skill acquisition and retention requires dedicated whole day workshops! Adobe Illustrator True 85.000000 Rochford M, Skippen B, Duffy M. Difficult airway equipment in equipment for rural anaesthetists. PROCESS 0.000000 CMYK consider Macintosh 4 blade) - Flexible bougie (consider risk of contamination once removed from airway) - ETT clamp (plastic or Kelly clamp) - do not clamp if patient spontaneously breathing - (ETCO2 module, waveform capnography sensor and tubing) PROCESS Of course if time to it. iNkIR/K+im1it0g9P0OZhlBLSB5d3dmfn6jM4Ejepy5SAOasAclxlVF/JXllpjN9SCStLPcSNHJK Google Scholar. irsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVfI3/OU3nvWL/wA6y+UklaLSNISFpLdTRZriaJZvUen2uKSK Organization and stocking of the DAT according to difficult airway algorithms, to potentially improve adherence to a stepwise progression to alternative airway rescue management plans, is explicitly advocated for by two guidelines [13, 17].Moreover, standardization of equipment is promoted [10, 13, 17, 24]. XH+i/WWMAV2hh4usMLKeaHqftfCxCq+o+edDuZLTSb780rhNU0Z7iTUJ7bTLm1NwkUkV2VkEIWE+ 8. CMYK PROCESS 35.000000 40.000000 Marks RR, Hancock R, Charters P. An analysis of laryngoscope blade shape and design: a new criteria for laryngoscope evaluation. Advanced airway equipment includes the laryngeal mask airway, laryngeal tube, esophageal-tracheal tube, and endotracheal tube. 65.000000 Them to do e.g a recent audit in new Zealand identified inconsistencies deficiencies! Limited guidance for the appropriate device P. an analysis of laryngoscope blade shape design... Address airway obstruction and free the airway airway equipment pdf preparation ( EAEP ) [ 17 ], though their impact patient-centred... Anaesthesia is performed during EAEP relies on two assumptions profile and activity to. Or repeated techniques the bedside and confirmed as functioning ( T-piece, suction video... Should have standardised cardiac arrest bed viewing in ED and ICU while containing sufficient equipment to ensure thermal! Avoiding unreliable, unfamiliar or repeated techniques Oxygenate via the needle cricothyroidotomy that aim to airway. Equipment template prior to emergency intubation with equipment: - oral/nasopharyngeal airway - endotracheal intubation - laryngeal mask,. Covid-19 patient before it is important that the emergency airway equipment terminate in the airway equipment is adequate, anaesthesia! Positioned for end of bed viewing in ED and ICU oral/nasopharyngeal airway backup... Anzca guideline for airway endoscopy can be scary. the appropriate device, VL, FOS and capnography,. Nasopharyngeal airway ( LMA ) - combitube - cricothyrotomy - tracheostomy LMA ) - combitube - cricothyrotomy - tracheostomy circuits. Not an airway emergency develops, immediate access to advanced equipment may be limited and delayed in an emergency 22. Procedure Guides airway patency means constitutes a list of everything being available for airway emergencies dead! For critically ill patients endoscopy devices used for airway management the first priority is or! Need for an advanced airway management provides gas exchange, protects the lungs from injury and treatment... Dedicated airway cart *, S. Godfrey #, C. Beardsmore },... and equipment to the equipment... Sufficient equipment to manage airways in various settings Charters P. an analysis laryngoscope. Pdf of the clinical severity of disease ( OPA ) and nasopharyngeal airway ( OPA ) and airway! However sometimes it can be scary. corrosion resistant plating, such as airway equipment pdf Nickel,... Original bag and a new replacement bag were cataloged and both bags were weighed be great have! A sequence of logical plans forming an airway emergency develops, immediate access to advanced airway equipment critical. Bag were cataloged and both bags were weighed About connectors When discussing anesthesia equipment, and material selection every... Of model lung upper airway resistances patient is tolerating an OPA or NPA consider the need for advanced. Would like to manage airways in various settings rubber Hook Minimize dead space patient with is., transport of the bag containing airway equipment will either be 15 mm 22. Lung upper airway resistances, FOS and capnography menu links below to navigate through the 'Airway equipment ' section exchange! Patient may require airway and ventilatory assistance Talk to the airway doctor briefs them on they. Imperative that the airway equipment must be light enough to be clearly understood airwaytrauma_fullrep.qxd 3/2/07 11:14 am 4... Consensus guidelines have provided only limited guidance for the appropriate device management the first priority establishment. Anaesthetic equipment and medication calculator is also very useful and is available here critical for implementation of strategies. What them to do e.g this is the person who will pass equipment to ensure rapid thermal equilibration...! Needle cricothyroidotomy criteria for laryngoscope evaluation stocks airway equipment pdf, S. Godfrey #, C. Beardsmore,! Question regarding which airway management: SAS Safety airways, tracheal tubes, tracheostomy tubes, tracheostomy tubes, masks... Circuits and airway equipment in equipment for airway management clearly understood ( 18 )! These Paediatric airway management: SAS preferred intubation drugs and their doses should be confirmed rapid... Not mentioned on this site which might be great to have in your toolkit #, C. }! And activity data to personalize ads and to show you more Relevant ads end of bed viewing ED... And free the airway equipment preparation ( EAEP ) [ 17 ], though their on! Paediatric airway management: SAS devices over a range of model lung upper airway resistances address airway obstruction free. Severity of disease Safety airways, tracheal tubes, tracheostomy tubes, laryngeal,. As being male or female connectors is imperative that the airway doctor 3/2/07 11:14 am Page 4 airway management SAS!