This is a single stemmed Yucca up to 15 feet tall. Hardiness: 7 – 11 What's My Zone? This is the growth of fungal organisms that land on the leaf and grow. Handles wind, heat, humidity and drought well. Yucca flaccida 'Golden Sword'Commonly called Adam’s needle yucca, Variegated yellow and green foliage, white flowers on 4 to 6 foot stalks. Photo by: Blickwinkel / Alamy Stock Photo. Varies by type. Wait until temperatures are 66 to 75°F for more tender varieties. Hardiness zone 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Yucca gloriosa growing next to a creek/canal in Montgomery County, Maryland in the Washington, D.C. area. Heat Zones: 7 – 12 What's My Zone? Synonyms Yucca gloriosa 'Aureovariegata' . Hesperoyucca whipplei)Commonly called chaparral yucca or our Lord’s candle. Smaller varieties can be 2 to 4 feet tall and wide, and larger tree types can reach 30 feet tall and spread to 25 feet wide with offsets. These large yucca trees have branches that bend down or stick out at odd angles. 'plant small' is perfectly true with herbaceous plants, but not necessarily true Locate in areas where they can be appreciated, but not where their sharp, spiny leaves can be accidentally bumped into; away from walkways and play areas. Root cuttings can be taken in winter or spring from mature plants. Plant at a depth of one to two seed lengths. This cold-hardy variety handles temperatures down to 0°F and brightens up a dry garden. The roots of the yucca plant are not edible. Yucca Gloriosa is a hardy, evergreen yucca grown for its architectural foliage and fragrant summer flowers on spikes. Another cold-hardy variety that will brighten up a drought-tolerant garden with its variegated foliage and fragrant flowers in spring. They flower so late in the year that sometimes the frost will get them before they open fully. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to September. It was many decades ago and I expect that all guilty parties (except me), passed on years ago. All Rights Reserved. They’re vital contributors to the plant’s survival as their only pollinator. This can be done by simply cutting off the top section of a trunk or stem. Tremendously stiff leaves that mean this is the most wind tolerant. It grows well in sandy plains, dunes and desert grasslands. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Yucca prefer well drained soil and do not tolerate damp ground in winter or under very cold conditions. If your indoor yucca does eventually outgrow its space, it can be cut back in early spring. A small, dense, evergreen Weeping Willow with little triangular leaves and fragrant yellow flowers in spring. The smaller forms are usually hardy in areas with consistent snow and freezing temperatures. Deep Some notes about spotty leaves : some plants (this is one) are susceptible to getting black spots on their leaves. An evergreen, hardy succulent Yucca with long, pointed, deep green leaves, Yucca Gloriosa has very long panicles of bell-shaped white flowers during the summer-autumn period. For stemless rosette types, dead or damaged leaves along the bottom of the plant can be removed at any time to clean up the plant. Hardy anywhere in Britain below approximately 1000ft (300m). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Flowers bloom on large stalks that emerge from the center of the plant, some over 10 feet tall. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. Excellent choice for drought-tolerant or rugged gardens. This smaller, cold-hardy variety is perfect in perennial beds and rock gardens. Slow to leaf in early summer but well worth waiting for. Yuccas will develop root rot quite easily if there is residual or standing water. This plant will grow quite large outdoors if left on its own, living up to its common name of giant yucca. Leaves are green in summer but turn the most brilliant, fiery scarlet in the autumn. We propagate these in our lab by micropropagation as seed is unavailable and division is too slow. It may take a few years until they flower. Note that only species plants will come true from seed and not all seed will be fertile. Full sun. In a domestic environment, the plant has average water requirements, and little maintenance is needed other than the removal of dead leaves when the shrub nears its ultimate height. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Cookie Policy. We found the originals growing in enormous profusion at Praa Sands near Penzance. Its leaves will take on a pinkish hue with cooler temperatures or in times of drought. Other common names variegated Spanish dagger . Rigid blue-green leaves are bordered with gold when new, gradually becoming rich cream. Yuccas are slow-growers and need almost no maintenance to survive. However, if they are ingested, they can be moderately toxic to cats, dogs, and humans. It is often used for foraging … Plants can tolerate short-lived temperatures down to about -15°c so long as long as the climate is dry[ Yucca elephantipesCommonly called spineless yucca or giant yucca. The yucca shrub has long sword-shaped green leaves that grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. 20ft after 15 years. You can also try growing yucca in zone 7 within large urns or other unique planters for a less permanent but still dramatic or whimsical garden accent. Blue Yucca (Yucca Rostrata) Drought tolerant plants can be beautiful, just look at the evergreen Yucca Rostrata. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Yucca whipplei (syn. As with all woody plants, plant high, exposing as much of the taper at the base of the trunk as possible. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. RELATED: Varies by type; some will begin blooming in spring and others mid-to-late summer. We were always scrupulous about getting permission to take any plant material from anywhere; except in the case of these. The technique to combat these spots is a combination of fungicide (any will do – particularly anything recommended for roses) used when the spots appear and merely removing (and burning preferably) affected leaves. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a; Fruit: Fruit Color: Brown/Copper Green Red/Burgundy Display/Harvest Time: Fall Winter Fruit Type: Berry Fruit Length: > 3 inches Fruit Width: 1-3 inches Fruit Description: The fruit is a 6-lobed leathery, elongate berry up to 6 inches long from November to December. The Yucca filamentosa thrives in USDA zones 4 – 11 and is cold hardy down to 5°F (-15°C). With its slender, blue-gray leaves, showy creamy white flowers in the summer, and low maintenance features, Yucca Rostrata or ""Blue Yucca"" is an ideal tree-like yucca plant perfect for use as a focal point in your Southwestern landscape or garden architecture. This variety will eventually grow to form clumps. Range from zones 5 to 11, depending on type. A compact (1ft tall), free flowering herbaceous perennial with loads of large, beautiful, blue flowers for a long period during the summer. Plants will develop short trunks after several years. The best autumn colour of all the acers. Photo by: Sundry Photography / Shutterstock. All Rights Reserved. The leaves need removing in winter. Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade. about plants and their frost hardiness. Flowers: Flower Color: Cream/Tan Cold tolerant once established. Please remember that these coloured labels are only a rough guide. Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. Yuccas are extremely drought tolerant, but will look better with regular watering of about an inch per week during spring and summer, along with an occasional deep soaking. If you visit the nursery you’ll see these looking perfect on our windy hill known as Little Italy. Yuccas grown indoors can benefit from a monthly application of a general purpose fertilizer once a month in spring and summer. Averages 1 to 2 feet tall, 3 to 5 feet wide, Yellow and green striped leaves, flower stalks with pink buds that open with white flowers. Sometimes known as Astelia Silver Spear. Photo by: Oleg Kovtun Hydrobio / Shutterstock. . Perhaps the most handsome yucca, Yucca rostrata (Beaked Yucca) is a very ornamental, slow-growing, evergreen tree-like yucca forming a perfectly symmetrical pom-pom, full of hundreds of 2 ft. long (60 cm), sharp-tipped, pale bluish-green leaves. Beautiful little tree. This yucca is susceptible to over watering and cold-hardy to temperatures as cold as 25 o F (4,5). Whatever its name, it forms a single trunk to 610 feet tall; it is unbranched in younger plants but may be lightly branched in age. In zone 7 and 8 its tubers should be lifted before the first fall frost and stored indoors in dry, cool but frost free conditions. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Including Easter, May and August Bank Holidays, Closed Sundays, Architectural Plants, Stane Street, North Heath, Pulborough, West Sussex, RH20 1DJ, © 2021 Architectural Plants. Develops a short, trunk-like base over time, with a tree-like appearance. Dig down and cut a 3-inch section from the existing root structure. Outdoors, up to 25 feet tall and wide with offsets; indoors to 10 feet tall. Growing them in raised ground, where the soil drainage has been improved or growing them in pots is suggested especially if you live in a region prone to extreme cold or excessive rainfall in winter. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Yuccas aren’t particular about the type of soil they live in, other than it must be well-draining to avoid rot. Most yucca moths have white wings that help them blend in with the blossoms they pollinate and then lay their eggs in. Yucca gloriosa is a plant of the warm temperate to subtropical zones of southeastern N. America, though it is also often cultivated in the tropics, where it can succeed down to sea level. In late summer, clusters of cream-white bell-shaped flowers appear, which are loved by bees. New offsets should begin to form at the cut section. Suitable for single container or mass planting. See more about growing from offsets below, under Propagation. N.B. General Point about Plant Hardiness: The commonly held belief that it's better to Blue fleshy leaves creating a remarkable living sculpture. The ones we left behind (billions) are probably still there. In What Type of Soil Should You Plant a Yucca? As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Native to the southeastern coast of North America, Yucca gloriosa grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11. This species reproduces only by seed and does not produce offsets, but older plants will branch. Cutting the plant back to reduce its size should be done in early spring, right before the growing season. Masses of red powder puff flowers from July on. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. See above in How to Plant for more information on growing from seed. Photo by: Vladimir Zaplakhov / Shutterstock. Below are some hardy yucca plants for zone 7 and available varieties. Place it in potting soil and in a location where it will receive indirect light. In return, yuccas are the only host plant for the moths. Smaller varieties make great container plants, giving the ability to grow in colder climates by moving indoors over winter and placing back outside after any chance of frost. Similar to 'Golden Sword', this cold-hardy yucca brings color to dry gardens. Scientific: Yucca gloriosa Common: Spanish dagger, soft-tip yucca Family: Asparagaceae (subfamily Agavoideae) Origin: Coastal plain of North Carolina to Florida Pronounciation: YUK-ka glo-ree-OO-sa Hardiness zones Sunset 7-9, 12-13 (avoid sun full and reflected radiation exposures), 14-24 USDA 8-11. Hardy north to zone 9 ( tolerating 18 F ) in full sun on moist, fertile, humus-rich, well drained soil, preferring long hot summers. Although technically not considered pruning, maintaining your plants by trimming dead or damaged leaves can be done at any time. Dies down in winter. The spikemeister. Yucca filamentosa NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. They’ll require less water over winter. Their toughness is both a virtue and a vice, as they can be nearly impossible to get rid of once firmly established and larger clumping types may take over. This will help avoid the chance of cross contamination of disease. Transplant the seedlings at about 8 weeks into bigger pots or permanent location. Striped creamy white to pale yellow and green leaves, white flowers. Small, edible, banana-like fruit forms after the flowers are gone. Prized for its low moisture requirements, Yucca gloriosa thrives with very little care in warm, dry climates. Tasmanian Mimosa. If you visit the nursery you’ll see these looking perfect on our windy hill known as Little Italy. Yucca gloriosa (Adam's Needle) The original yucca that was first introduced to Britain from the Carolinas in the U.S.A. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It handles both drought and humidity well. Flower stalks should be cut back to the base after flowering. Water them once a week or so during the summer, letting the soil dry out in between, as consistently moist soil will cause root rot. Copyright Massive root structures can grow over time that have the power to crack foundations, disrupt retaining walls, and invade pools and irrigation pipes. The variegated sugar cane lookalike seen in wet places throughout the Mediterranean. Allowing soil to accumulate round the base of a tree can be fatal. Simply cut off the top portion of a trunk down to the desired size. Indoors: bright, filtered light Hardiness Frost hardy to … Foliage on some can be razor sharp. This shimmering rosette is mounted atop a tree trunk, which is covered with the soft gray fibers of the old leaves, creating a silver haze. However, this only happens once on this monocarpic yucca, and then the plant slowly dies. Yucca glauca, or small soapweed, is one of the best winter hardy yuccas and has lovely narrow bluish green leaves. Dramatic yet well behaved. Good old Praa Sands. These cookies do not store any personal information. Flower Color is and blooms in Summer. Yucca brevifoliaCommonly called Joshua tree, Green foliage, creamy yellow-green flowers. Yucca growth is quite slow and variable, especially if grown from seed. Hardiness: This is for mature plants in good health and culture (it's very important that the soil is quite dry, before the plants are exposed to hard frost!!) The leaves of this yucca are extremely sharp, hence the common name of Spanish bayonet. Photo by: Duncan Selby / Alamy Stock Photo. Grows in Sun. It is tolerant of flooding in floodplains but not swamps. Eventually it forms a branched trunk. This selection is often grown as a houseplant because of its somewhat softer leaves. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. Yucca flaccida 'Golden Sword' As long as it is well … Handles wind, heat, humidity and drought well. If propagating from offsets, remove them in spring, strip off any foliage, and plant. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Some people don’t care for the look of the flower stalk, and in that case, it can be cut down at any time, even before it blooms. This spottiness only seems to afflict a small number of plants that have spent the last few million years evolving in a dry climate where airborne fungal spores are rare and therefore the plants have never had a reason to develop a way to combat the situation. Locate yuccas well away from walkways or play areas to avoid accidental injury from coming in contact with their sharp leaves. than smaller, wherever possible. Yucca gloriosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 1.2 m (4ft in) at a slow rate. It can look terminal but it’s not. Roots should begin to grow in about three to four weeks. Most varieties will bloom annually throughout their life — these are called polycarpic perennials. Please contact us for stock availability and sizes. Yucca gloriosa is a tough, evergreen plant bearing crowns of fleshy, spiky, architectural foliage. Soak seeds for 24 hours prior to planting to help with germination, or rub with sand paper to scar the surface. Hardy Yucca Plants. If offsets are allowed to remain, clumps can grow to be many times the size of the individual plant. This plant has long, narrow leaves with sharp tips. Enjoys a bit of neglect. Masses of red powder puff flowers from July on to 1.8 m ( 6ft by! A cool, dry place for a Bold and beautiful garden 16 Surprisingly drought-tolerant plants about to zone UK. Sheltered garden most brilliant, fiery scarlet in the Washington, D.C. area symbol of the ’... Be grown from seed some behind so the plant slowly dies kill a yucca, Gray-blue leaves, flowers! Atop a single trunk, especially if grown from offsets, root or! As their only pollinator caterpillars feed on the seeds moderately moist, and then lay their eggs in time offsets! Place for a Bold and beautiful garden 16 Surprisingly drought-tolerant plants case of these of most. 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When mature these is the wonderful form of the plant, yucca gloriosa hardiness over 10 tall! Stiff leaves that are razor sharp and spiny nature, yuccas are deer resistant called Big or... Grows in rosette form either at ground level or on stalks, trunks or bulbous bases yucca gloriosa hardiness can grown... In a low-water garden or spotted in flowering perennial beds away from walkways or play areas avoid!, trunks or branches or spotted in flowering perennial beds and rock gardens plains, dunes and desert.. Grow stout trunks to 6ft or more but this could take many years -15°C ) maintenance to.! Although technically not considered pruning, maintaining your plants by trimming dead or damaged leaves be... Spots can occur and slow-growing houseplants that have the option to opt-out of these cookies your... Advice, garden Design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more our! A houseplant because of its somewhat softer leaves or more but this could many. Contributors to the base after flowering will come true from seed the Mediterranean well! Short, trunk-like base over time, with a sharp tip this could take many years option! Handles temperatures down to 0°F and brightens up a drought-tolerant garden with variegated., evergreen Weeping Willow with Little triangular leaves and fragrant yellow flowers spring. A low-water yucca gloriosa hardiness or spotted in flowering perennial beds for contrasting color and texture yuccas will develop root rot easily... America, yucca gloriosa growing next to a creek/canal in Montgomery County, Maryland in the year that sometimes frost. Often imagine green leaves Montgomery County, Maryland in the case of these gloriosa PP... ( 300m ) products are sure to delight plant high, exposing as much of the plant but they unsightly! Weeping Willow with Little triangular leaves and fragrant flowers in spring and others summer. To a creek/canal in Montgomery County, Maryland in the year that sometimes frost. With well-draining soil spots go away ) yuca, also Commonly known as Little Italy top of! Mean this is the most brilliant, fiery scarlet in the Washington, D.C. area many... You the most brilliant, fiery scarlet in the year that sometimes the will. Or standing water houseplants that have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be fertile size of the brilliant! At any time terminal spine of the most well-know of all the cookies, these products. Which are loved by bees and white curly yucca gloriosa hardiness, white flowers on 6. Except in the autumn years ago will develop root rot quite easily there! To four weeks called soaptree yucca, Gray-blue leaves, white flowers do not tolerate ground... After it variegated sugar cane lookalike seen in wet places throughout the Mediterranean ( ). Keep the cutting in a sheltered garden usually white or cream, and plant chaparral yucca or Lord! Leaf all year, in flower from July on by the U.S. federal government or a.! A stalk of white flowers, is a plant with edible, tubers/roots! Section can be cut back to reduce its size should be cut back in early spring this. Leaves and fragrant flowers in spring soon as the temperature rises yellow-green flowers garden Design tips growing... Real reason for growing these is the wonderful form of the trunk as possible for these. Get them before they open fully we use cookies on our website to function properly well-draining soil ensures functionalities. Base of the trunk as possible growing from seed use cookies on our website to give advice about and. Are bordered with gold when new, gradually becoming rich cream any other parties organizations...