Seeing the signal flags, Beatty's second-in-command, Rear Admiral Gordon Moore, misinterpreted the message as Blücher lay to the northeast. On January 24, 1915, a German naval force commanded by Admiral Franz von Hipper conducted a raid on British fishing fleets in the area of the Dogger Banks. This was hampered by the older Blücher which was not as fast as his more modern battlecruisers. Putting to sea, Hipper sailed with the 1st Scouting Group consisting of the battlecruisers SMS Seydlitz (flagship), SMS Moltke, SMS Derfflinger, and the armored cruiser SMS Blücher. The force was engaged by a British force, which had been alerted by a decoded radio intercept. This failed to occur as Captain H.B. Relaying this incorrect message, Moore broke off the pursuit of Hipper and the British ships attacked Blücher in earnest. "The Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I." Hyde Parker's flag ship at the battle of Dogger Bank " Fortitude " had Captain George Robertson as her captain. Precursors to the Battle At 9:43 AM, Lion struck Seydlitz causing an ammunition fire in the ship's aft turret barbette. Shortly after 0700 Aurora, sighted a cruiser in the SE Dogger Bank area, believed her to be Arethusa and challenged, then opened fire on the German Kolberg at 0715 from 8,000yds: Aurora, Arethusa-class, 4,400t, 2-6in/6-4in/4-21in tt, leader 1st DF Harwich Force. Taking to the offensive soon after the beginning of hostilities, British forces won the Battle of Heligoland Bight in late August. It was a bloody encounter between a British squadron under Vice Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and a Dutch squadron under Vice Admiral Johan Zoutman, both of which were escorting convoys. This saw the British ships approach from behind and to the starboard of the Hipper. In London, the Admiralty was aware of the of the impending German raid, though this information was received through radio intercepts that were decoded by Naval Intelligence's Room 40 rather than reports from fishing vessels. Approximately half an hour later, the German admiral spotted the smoke from the approaching British ships. Battle of Dogger Bank… The Battle of Dogger Bank was a fairly straight stern chase until the incorrect periscope sighting. For Beatty, the engagement saw Lion and Meteor crippled as well as 15 sailors killed and 32 wounded. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. A sketch of the engagement under the command of Vice Admiral Parker on the Dogger Bank with the Dutch squadron of much superior force Augt 5. It ended in a British victory. Approximately half an hour later, Derfflinger began scoring hits on Lion. The opening months of World War I saw the Royal Navy quickly assert its dominance around the world. Charging forward at speeds of over twenty-five knots, Beatty's ships closed the gap with the Germans. Desiring his ships to continue after Hipper, he ordered "Course NE" (for the forty-five-degree turn) and "Engage the Enemy's Rear" to be hoisted. Learning that Hipper was at sea on January 23, the Admiralty directed Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty to immediately sail from Rosyth with the 1st and 2nd Battlecruiser Squadrons which were comprised of HMS Lion (flagship), HMS Tiger, HMS Princess Royal, HMS New Zealand, and HMS Indomitable. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea on 24 January 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet.. Decoded radio intercepts had given the British advance knowledge that a German raiding squadron was heading for Dogger Bank, so they dispatched their own naval forces to intercept it. Steaming south through good weather, Beatty encountered Hipper's screening vessels shortly after 7:00 AM on January 24. 24 January 1915. It's odd what one will notice in the heat of battle, Captain Theodor mused. World War I: Admiral of the Fleet Sir David Beatty, World War I: Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, The Battle of the Falkland Islands - World War I, World War II and the Battle of the Java Sea, American Revolution: Commodore John Paul Jones, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University, 5 battlecruisers, 7 light cruisers, 35 destroyers, 3 battlecruisers, 1 armored cruiser, 4 light cruisers, 18 destroyers. In December 1780, Great Britain declared war on the Dutch Republic, drawing it militarily into the American War of Independence. Hailed as a victory in Britain, Dogger Bank had severe consequences in Germany. "The Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I." Improving both, their ships were better prepared for future battles. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought in the North Sea on 24 January, 1915 the British sortied to intercept a German raiding force sent overnight to bombard the east coast of England. Pressing forward, Beatty was able to see the German battlecruisers at 8:00 AM and began moving into a position to attack. Tobias Philbin's Battle of Dogger Bank provides a keen analytical description of the battle and its … The fighting at Dogger Bank cost Hipper 954 killed, 80 wounded, and 189 captured. All Rights Reserved. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/battle-of-dogger-bank-1915-2361384. These ships were supported by the four light cruisers of the 2nd Scouting Group and eighteen torpedo boats. As Lion was being pummeled, Princess Royal scored a critical hit on Blücher which damaged its boilers and started an ammunition fire. As the battle began, Beatty intended for his lead three ships to engage their German counterparts while New Zealand and Indomitable targeted Blücher. Realizing that it was a large enemy force, Hipper turned southeast and attempted to escape back to Wilhelmshaven. The opening months of World War I saw the Royal Navy quickly assert its dominance around the world. On This Day in History - August 5, 1781 The Battle of Dogger Bank. In addition, Blücher was sunk and Seydlitz severely damaged. These caused flooding and engine damage which slowed the ship. The Battle of Dogger Bank took place in the first months of the war when both the High Seas Fleet and the Grand Fleet were growing stronger as the pre-war programs of 1912 and 1913 were coming to fruition; the British had added a pair of dreadnoughts taken over from Turkey for what was to be a terrible price. page 278 Posted by William Beason on Monday 4th of May 2015 16:16 according to the book Battles of the British Navy ; From AD 1000 to 1840 by Joseph Allen 1842. Though the Royal Navy attempted to intercept Hipper as he withdrew, it was unsuccessful. The raid caused widespread public outrage in Britain and led to fears of future attacks. Concerned about the potential loss of capital ships, Kaiser Wilhelm II issued orders stating that all risks to surface vessels were to be avoided. Having won the battle, the British failed to address similar issues aboard their battlecruisers, an omission that would have disastrous consequences at the Battle of Jutland the following year. At 8:52 AM, Lion opened fire at a range of around 20,000 yards and was soon followed by the other British battlecruisers. Unable to catch Hipper, Beatty withdrew back to Britain. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. He was however intercepted by the British on 24 January 1915 at Dogger Bank, midway between Germany and Britain. It was fought near Dogger Bank, off the northeastern coast of England in the North Sea, on January 24, 1915. ThoughtCo. Battle of Dogger Bank book. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval conflict between Britain and Germany during World War I. These efforts were broken off when a German seaplane and the Zeppelin L-5 arrived on scene and began dropping small bombs at the British. As a result, Moltke was left uncovered and was able to return fire with impunity. Realizing this turn would allow the enemy to escape, he revised his order to a forty-five-degree turn. Moving forward, this saw Rear Admiral Franz Hipper bombard Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby, killing 104 civilians and injuring 525. Media in category "Battle of Dogger Bank (1781)" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle that took place on 5 August 1781 during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, contemporaneously related to the American Revolutionary War, in the North Sea. At 11:32, Tiger scored a second hit on Derfflinger, inflicting another 50 casualties. Commencing planning, Hipper intended to move forward with the attack in January 1915. Aboard New Zealand, Moore took Beatty's signal to mean that the fleet should focus its efforts against the stricken cruiser. Hickman, Kennedy. It is well illustrated and includes ten maps, reproduced from the British and German Official histories of the fighting in … Battle of Dogger Bank In December 1914 Admiral Franz von Hipper and the First High Seas Fleet bombarded the costal towns of Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby. The Battle of Dogger Bank Historically, the two forces encountered each other when the light cruisers (CLs) met and fired at each other. The Battle of the Dogger Bank took place on 5 August 1781 during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, part of the American War of Independence, in the North Sea.It was a bloody encounter between a British squadron under Vice Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet and a Dutch squadron under Vice Admiral Johan Zoutman, both of which were escorting convoys. The British considered the battle a victory; but the Germans had learned important lessons and they would be better prepared for the next encounter with the British fleet at Jutand. It was fought near Dogger Bank in the North Sea on January 24, 1915. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dogger_Bank_(1915) The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I (1914-1918). Pelly of Tiger instead focused his ship's fire on Seydlitz. Your email address will not be published. His book, BATTLE OF DOGGER BANK is a very solid work on the topic, working extensively in English and German source material. The force was engaged by a British force, which had been alerted by a decoded radio intercept. These capital ships were joined by the four light cruisers of the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron as well as three light cruisers and thirty-five destroyers from the Harwich Force. (2020, August 26). As Lion was disabled, it was towed to port by Indomitable. Also, von Ingenohl was replaced as commander of the High Seas Fleet by Admiral Hugo von Pohl. Dogger Bank incident, during the Russo-Japanese War, Russian naval ships opened fire on British fishing boats in the area of Dogger Bank on 21 October 1904, mistaking them for Japanese torpedo boats. Hickman, Kennedy. Battle of Dogger Bank, (17 June 1696).The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval encounter between a French force, under the command of the famous privateer, Jean Bart, and a squadron of Dutch ships acting as escort to a convoy of more than one hundred merchant vessels.The battle was part of the ongoing War of the League of Augsburg.. Battle of Dogger Bank, naval engagement between British and German battle cruisers during World War I. Shortly after that, Hipper headed for port with his force: the battlecruisers (BCs) Seydlitz (flagship), Derfflinger, and Moltke had the armored cruiser Blucher in their formation like another BC. The attack killed 18 civilians and created a great deal of anger against Germany and the Royal Navy for failing to protect the British coast. There were no submarines in the area, but of course Beatty did not know this at the time. Perhaps more importantly, in the wake of the fire on Seydlitz, the Kaiserliche Marine examined how magazines were protected and ammunition handled aboard its warships. Almost one year after his victory over a Dutch squadron in … On January 24, 1915, a German naval force commanded by Admiral Franz von Hipper conducted a raid on British fishing fleets in the area of the Dogger Banks. As a result, the assault on Blücher was pressed home while Hipper successfully slipped away. https://www.thoughtco.com/battle-of-dogger-bank-1915-2361384 (accessed February 5, 2021). Taking to the offensive soon after the beginning of hostilities, British forces won the Battle of Heligoland Bight in late August. This was motivated by his belief that fishing vessels were reporting the movements of German warships to the Admiralty allowing the Royal Navy to anticipate the operations of the Kaiserliche Marine. Outnumbered and short on ammunition, Hipper elected to abandon Blücher and increased speed in an effort to escape. The result was a British victory, and the German navy delayed further … Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Battle of Dogger Bank, 24 January 1915 - Second significant naval battle of the First World War, the first time heavy units of the British and German fleets came into direct contact. Military conflicts similar to or like Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) Naval engagement on 24 January 1915, near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. Having intercepted German radio traffic - decoded by use of a German code book originally captured by the Russians - the British had learnt of Hipper's proposed sortie on 23 January. On this day in history, August 5, 1781, the Battle of Dogger Bank sees a major battle between British and Dutch ships during the American Revolution. Location: Dogger Bank, North Sea. Though the damaged cruiser managed to disable the destroyer HMS Meteor, it finally succumbed to British fire and was finished off by two torpedoes from the light cruiser HMS Arethusa. The Battle of Dogger Bank is the name of a battle which took place on June 17, 1696 as part of the War of the Grand Alliance.It was a victory for a French force of seven ships over a Dutch force of five ships and the convoy it was escorting. Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) Map.png 549 × 358; 27 KB 'On board a light cruiser, six inch gun in action'; probably on the 'Aurora' at the Battle of the Dogger Bank, 24 January 1915 RMG PW1840.jpg 1,280 × 791; 451 KB The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I (1914-1918). The battle of the Dogger Bank was a naval battle that took place on 5 August 1781 during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, contemporaneously related to the American Revolutionary War, in the North Sea. The battle occurred on the North Sea by Dogger Bank and it involved the German High Seas Fleet and the British Grand Fleet. This knocked both aft turrets out of action and only the prompt flooding of Seydlitz's magazines saved the ship. Battle of Dogger Bank; Part of the First World War: HMS Lion during the battle, painting by Arthur James Wetherall Burgess. Battle of the Dogger Bank The first major confrontation between British and German capital ships in the First World War, fought on 24th January 1915 off the coast of England; where the Royal Navy missed a trick and the Imperial German Navy learnt some important lessons on ship safety Beatty chose this line of approach as it allowed the wind to blow funnel and gun smoke clear from his ships, while the German vessels would partially be blinded. Elsewhere, a surprise defeat at Coronel, off the coast of Chile, in early November was quickly avenged a month later at the Battle of the Falklands. These decryption activities were made possible by using German code books which had been captured earlier by the Russians. Seeking to build on this success, Hipper began lobbying for another sortie with the goal of striking at the British fishing fleet near Dogger Bank. 1781 (BM 1868,0612.1209).jpg 1,600 × 1,099; 489 KB. Britain declared war on the Netherlands in December … Seeking to regain the initiative, Admiral Friedrich von Ingenohl, commander of the German High Sea Fleet, approved a raid on the British coast for December 16. The Golden Twinkee Is Served. Capsizing at 12:13 PM, Blücher began to sink as British ships closed to rescue survivors. Though his battlecruisers were still gaining on the Germans, Beatty ordered a ninety-degree turn to port at 10:54 AM after reports of a submarine periscope. Continuing to take hits, Beatty's flagship began to list to port and was effectively put out of action after being struck by fourteen shells. WWI Document Archive > 1915 Documents > Battle of Dogger Bank. Philbin’s writing style can be trying at times. Seeing this, Beatty attempted to correct the situation by hoisting a variation of Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson's famed "Engage the Enemy More Closely" signal, but Moore and the other British ships were too far away to see the flags. The Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/battle-of-dogger-bank-1915-2361384. As Lion's electrical system was damaged, Beatty was forced to relay this revision via signal flags. This led to the ship slowing and falling further behind Hipper's squadron. Hickman, Kennedy. Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) Share. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. The Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) was one of the most legendary naval battles that occurred during the Great War. 24, 1915, during World War I. ( 1914-1918 ) cruisers of the legendary... System was damaged, Beatty was forced to relay this revision via signal.... Radio intercept attacked Blücher in earnest charging forward at speeds of over knots! Capsizing at 12:13 PM, Blücher was sunk and Seydlitz severely damaged Captain George Robertson as her Captain, Admiral. 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