Liquefaction, combined with the sudden emergence of surface faults, wrecked roads, rail lines, bridges, dams, wells, and other infrastructure. Corrections? The April 2015 Nepal magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed nearly 9,000 people and injured nearly 22,000. As Mao lay on his deathbed, the public mourned the death of popular premier Zhou Enlai. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal earthquake. Many people drank out of pools or other locations that had become contaminated during the earthquake. After an initial period of shock, the survivors began to dig through debris to answer the muffled calls for help as well as find loved ones still under rubble. There was no such warning for Tangshan. As mentioned earlier, the official death count from the earthquake was 242,400; however, other sources have cited the death toll to be as high as 655,000 to 779,000 people. The death toll, thought to be one of the largest in recorded history, was officially reported as 242,000 persons, but it may have been as high as 655,000. About 470000 residents of the Qinglong County evacuated their homes just before the 1976 M 7.8 Tangshan earthquake (United Nations 1995, Wang 1991, Qian 1989, Qian 1986). South of Tangshan, where liquefaction was the highest, the tremendous outpouring of sand caused significant damage to crops. Since few buildings were anchored to bedrock, the shaking and subsequent liquefaction of the soil destabilized and brought down most of the structures throughout the affected area. In another village, gas began to spout out the water well on July 12 and then increased on July 25 and 26. Some people saw flashes of light; others witnessed fireballs flying across the sky. … Roads were covered with debris and were riddled with fissures. Some 242,000 people were officially reported as having been killed, though the death toll may have been higher. Strong aftertremors continued for days. Loud, roaring noises followed the lights and fireballs. The Tangshan Earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan Earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on Wednesday, July 28, 1976. Huge energy generated from the earthquake is equivalent to 400 nuclear bombs exploded in Hiroshima. Tangshan earthquake July 28, 1976, claimed an estimated 800,000 lives, registering 8.2 on the Richter Scale, a...Tangshan earthquake registered 7.8.) Officially, the Chinese government estimated between 240,000 and 250,000 people died in the Tangshan earthquake. The main shock struck at 3:42 am. Though it took time, the entire city was rebuilt and is again home to over 1 million people, earning Tangshan the nickname "Brave City of China.". Also Tianjin City alone suffered about 24 000 casualties.At least 700,000 more p… It is the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. Although science had taken a backseat in the Cultural Revolution since in its inception in 1966, seismology had become a new focus of research in China out of necessity. At least 700,000 more people were injured, and property damage was extensive, reaching even to Beijing. Indeed. The world’s third worst earthquake, in terms of deaths, took place Oct....Tangshan earthquake was not predicted. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. At 3:42 am on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck Tangshan, an industrial city of 1 million people in northern China. Fourteen percent of the sewage pipes were severely damaged. Eighty percent of the water pumping stations were seriously damaged and the water pipes were damaged throughout the city. All but one of the roads into Tangshan was impassible. The magnitude 7.8 earthquake that struck Tangshan, China on July 28, 1976, killed at least 242,000 people (the official death count). It is officially estimated that Tangshan Earthquake caused 242,469 people deaths, 175,797 people seriously injured, and 4204 children orphaned. Food was a high priority. When the 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Tangshan, more than 1 million people were sleeping, unaware of the impending disaster. The earthquake has had a lasting impact on the industrial city of Tangshan, which was almost grazed to the ground with almost 80 per cent of the buildings declared inhabitable. The earthquake also took a toll on infrastructure and agriculture. At 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, in northeastern China. Once its owner had returned him to his bowl, the goldfish continued to jump out of its bowl until the earthquake hit. People needed help immediately; survivors could not wait for help to arrive, so they formed groups to dig for others. Before the 1976 earthquake, scientists didn't think Tangshan was susceptible to a large earthquake; thus, the area was zoned an intensity level of VI on the Chinese intensity scale (similar to the Mercalli scale). The entire earthquake lasted approximately 14 to 16 seconds. Most of the fatalities resulted from the collapse of unreinforced masonry homes where people were sleeping. At 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, in northeastern China. He serves currently as the editor of Earth and life sciences, covering climatology, geology, zoology, and other topics that relate to... Map depicting the intensity of shaking experienced during the Tangshan earthquake of July 28, 1976. Other wells throughout the area showed signs of cracking. After the emergency care was given, the rebuilding of Tangshan began almost immediately. The very large earthquake, striking an area where it was totally unexpected, obliterated the city of Tangshan and killed more than 240,000 people—making it the deadliest earthquake of the 20th century. It occurred in December 16,… No casualties or serious damage were reported as of Sunday night after a 5.1 magnitude earthquake hit Tangshan, Hebei province, at 6:38 am, the city's publicity department said. Mice and yellow weasels were seen running around looking for a place to hide. It makes the Tangshan shock, which registered between 7.8 and 8.2 on the Richter scale, officially far worse than the 1923 Tokyo earthquake in which … As the earth began to shake, a few people who were awake had the forethought to dive under a table or other heavy piece of furniture, but most were asleep and did not have time. In a village outside of Tangshan, well water reportedly rose and fell three times the day before the earthquake. In the city of Tangshan the intensity reached X (extreme). Animals also gave a warning that something was about to happen. Here are the most notable known earthquake events, based on the number of deaths. Tangshan earthquake. On Tuesday, 12 January 2010, an earthquake with a 7.0 magnitude near the town of… Though scientific earthquake prediction is in its nascent stages, nature often gives some advance warning of an impending earthquake. Recognizing that, in the wake of the successful earthquake predictions at Haicheng the previous year, Mao's government touted its ability to predict and then respond to natural disasters. The Tangshan earthquake was the result of the Tangshan Fault rupturing from tectonic forces that originated from the Amurian Plate sliding past the Eurasian Plate. As mentioned earlier, the official death count from the earthquake was 242,400; however, other sources have cited the death toll to be as high as 655,000 to 779,000 people. The earthquake occurred along a previously unknown fault, now called the Tangshan Fault, in the Cangdong fault system near that system’s intersection with the Yin Shan–Yan Shan mountain belt. It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. As Mao lay on his deathbed, the public mourned the death of popular premier Zhou Enlai. The shaking, which lasted 14 to 16 seconds, transformed much of the region’s exceptionally deep sandy soil into a fluidlike mass (liquefaction). Ninety-three percent of residential buildings and 78% of industrial buildings were completely destroyed. If the estimates other than official accounts are anything close to the truth, this earthquake would be among the top three most devastating earthquakes ever recorded. Several other earthquakes struck the city during the late 1970s and…. With so much damage, recovery was not easy. Water, even just for drinking, was extremely scarce. Relief workers eventually got water trucks and others to transport clean drinking water into the affected areas. Its epicentre was located in the southern part of the city of Tangshan, some 9 miles (15 km) above the earthquake’s focus, and shaking was felt more than 680 miles (1,100 km) away in all directions. It also triggered sand blows throughout the region, which silted wells and irrigation ditches. The Mandate of Heaven is a long-established Han tradition that attributes unusual or freakish occurrences in the natural world such as comets, droughts, locusts, and earthquakes to a sign that the (divinely chosen) leadership is incompetent or undeserving. … The rebuilding of Tangshan began almost immediately after … They set up medical areas where emergency procedures were conducted with the minimum of supplies. Along with infrastructure damage, there were devastating amounts of casualties. Though 80% of the people trapped under rubble were saved, a 7.1 magnitude aftershock that hit on the afternoon of July 28 sealed the fate for many who had been waiting under the rubble for help. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. This has been explained so that the latter figure includes only urban residents in Tangshan, which was practically levelled to the ground. Tangshan earthquake of 1976, also called Great Tangshan Earthquake, earthquake on July 28, 1976, with a magnitude of 7.5, which nearly razed the Chinese coal-mining and industrial city of Tangshan, located about 68 miles (110 km) east of Beijing.The death toll, thought to be one of the largest in recorded history, was officially reported as 242,000 persons, but it may have been as high as 655,000. Once the quake was over, the people who could scrambled out into the open, only to see the entire city leveled. Published by Statista Research Department, Nov 17, 2016 The statistic shows the earthquakes with the highest death toll worldwide from 1900 to 2016. No other earthquake in the 20th century was as catastrophic or claimed as many lives as that which struck the city of Tangshan in Northern China on July 28, 1976. Tangshan was not predicted, and the size of the disaster made the response slow and difficult—a process significantly hindered by Mao's complete rejection of foreign aid. Between 1970 and 1976, the Chinese government reported predicting nine earthquakes. Strange? The quake either destroyed or severely damaged more than 85 percent of unreinforced houses, multistory buildings, and other structures in Tangshan. As mentioned earlier, the earthquake struck just before 4 am, when many people were asleep and unprepared. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. This later caused health problems, especially after it rained and the bodies were again exposed. Railroad lines bent. Approximately 3,650 square miles (9,500 square km) of the surrounding region endured earthquake intensities of VIII (severe) or above on the modified Mercalli scale. Workers at the Tangshan airport described the noises as louder than that of an airplane. Sand blows, which expel wet sand from the ground, result from the increased weight brought on by slumping layers of soil upon layers of waterlogged sand below. Especially for Tangshan, the corresponding numbers are respectively 148,022, 81,630, and 2652. As mentioned earlier, the earthquake struck just before 4 am, when many people were asleep and unprepared. At 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, in northeastern China. Survivors were faced with not having water, food, or electricity. The deadliest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake and the strongest since the 1950 Chayu earthquake. Workers had to find these impromptu graves, dig up the bodies, and then move and rebury the corpses outside of the city. Estimates of the number of deaths due to the Tangshan earthquake have varied widely, and generally lack a clear authoritative basis. They searched for food and set up temporary shelters. A History of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire, The Great Kanto Earthquake in Japan, 1923, Overview of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, The Science Behind the 2010 Haiti Earthquake, 1900 Galveston Hurricane: History, Damage, Impact, The Sumatra Earthquake of December 26, 2004, The 8 Most Powerful Earthquakes Ever Recorded, Temporal Change in Coda Q before the Tangshan Earthquake of 1976 and the Haicheng Earthquake of 1975, Medical Support in the Tangshan Earthquake: A Review of the Management of Mass Casualties and Certain Major Injuries, The Distribution of Earthquake Damage to Underground Facilities During the 1976 Tang-Shan Earthquake, Pain of Disasters: The Educational Cost of Exogenous Shocks Evidence from Tangshan Earthquake in 1976, B.A., History, University of California at Davis. CHINA - Tangshan Earthquake of July 28,1976. When an earthquake of historic magnitude leveled the industrial city of Tangshan in the summer of 1976, killing more than a half-million people, China was already gripped by widespread social unrest. During the night preceding the earthquake, many people reported seeing strange lights as well as loud sounds. Many of the medical personnel were also trapped under debris or killed by the earthquake. The main shock caused a 75-mile (120-km) subsurface rupture that extended bilaterally north-northeast and south-southwest of Tangshan; it also caused prominent surface faults to appear in the city. Some scholars believe that the Tangshan earthquake contributed to its downfall. Most of the buildings that collapsed were in rural areas and did not adhere to building codes. The 7.8 earthquake that hit Tangshan was given an intensity level of XI (out of XII). The earthquake triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest, killing 21, making 25 April 2015 the deadliest day on … Tangshan earthquake of 1976, also called Great Tangshan Earthquake, earthquake on July 28, 1976, with a magnitude of 7.5, which nearly razed the Chinese coal-mining and industrial city of Tangshan, located about 68 miles (110 km) east of Beijing. The earthquake was one of the deadliest of the 20th Century. At 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, in northeastern China. The Great Tangshan Earthquake also rocked the seat of Chinese Communist Party power in Beijing — both literally and politically. Many experts have since suggested that the official loss of life was underestimated, that it is likely that closer to 700,000 people died. Tsunamis and fires have contributed to some of the largest death tolls in earthquakes. The Tangshan earthquake is regarded as the deadliest earthquake in the 20th century and one of the most deadliest in recorded history. After the earthquake hit, 242,419 people lay dead or dying, along with another 164,581 people who were severely injured. The number of deaths caused by the incident, according to official statistics accurate digital for 242419 people, affected the statistics on the number of victims included living in Tangshan city of Japanese, American and other countries live in Tangshan city population. Location: Haiti | Death Toll: 316,000. Corpses were buried quickly, usually close to the residences in which they perished. Before the earthquake, the total population of Tangshan city was approximately 1.2 million, with 2 million within 40 km (25 mi) of the epicenter. The prefecture-level divisions of Mianyang, Ngawa, Deyang, Guangyuan, and Chengdu suffered the most loss of lives. The Tangshan Earthquake also known as the Great Tangshan Earthquake, was a natural disaster that occurred on July 28, 1976. Thursday marks the 40th anniversary of the catastrophic Tangshan earthquake in north China. Estimates of the number of deaths due to the Tangshan earthquake have varied widely, and generally lack a clear authoritative basis. Some food was parachuted in, but the distribution was uneven. The initial death count reported by the Chinese government put the casualties at 655,000, but this number was later reduced to around 240,000 to 255,000. The Tangshan earthquake killed 242,000 people according to official figures, though some sources estimate a death toll up to three times higher. Jan 9, 2012 Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/event/Tangshan-earthquake-of-1976. John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment. …was devastated by a giant earthquake. Later that same day, a major aftershock (magnitude 7.1) occurred in the city of Luanxian, some 43 miles (70 km) to the northeast. In the succeeding decades, the experiences of Tangshan have been used to improve earthquake predicting capabilities and the provision of medical support in major disasters. Updates? In one household in the city of Tangshan, a goldfish began jumping wildly in its bowl. As injured people were saved from under the rubble, they were lain on the side of the road. The foundations of bridges gave way, causing the bridges to collapse. This would make it the deadliest earthquake in modern times, and the second or third deadliest in recorded history. No one in this county died from the destruction caused by GTE. At 2 a.m. on July 28, shortly before the earthquake struck, the goldfish jumped out of its bowl. These were isolated incidents, spread across a city of a million people and a countryside scattered with villages. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Before the earthquake, the total population of Tangshan city was approximately 1.2 million, with 2 million within 40 km (25 mi) of the epicenter. When an earthquake of historic magnitude leveled the industrial city of Tangshan in the summer of 1976, killing more than a half-million people, China was already gripped by widespread social unrest. The Tangshan Fault is a strike-slip fault oriented in a north-northeasterly direction. Some observers place the actual toll as high as 700,000. The very large earthquake, striking an area where it was totally unexpected, obliterated the city of Tangshan and killed more than 240,000 people—making it the deadliest earthquake of the 20th century. 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake is the third deadliest earthquake with most deaths in the history. The buildings in Tangshan were not built to withstand such a large earthquake. The Great Tangshan earthquake is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll (250,000 – 650,000). But nature gave additional warnings. The Tangshan earthquake of 1976, also called Great Tangshan Earthquake, occured on July 28, 1976, with a magnitude of 7.5, which nearly razed the Chinese coal-mining and industrial city of Tangshan, located about 68 miles (110 km) east of Beijing. Additional research has also been focused on anomalous animal behaviors ahead of earthquakes, which have been widely documented. George Pararas-Carayannis. In 7,218 households, all members of the family were killed by the earthquake. The quake leveled almost every building and flooded the mines. The lights were seen in a multitude of hues. Along with infrastructure damage, there were devastating amounts of casualties. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tangshan's rebirth has coincided with China's opening to the outside world, after the death of Mao only weeks after the earthquake and the rise of Deng Xiaoping a … Unfortunately, relief workers accidentally clogged the one remaining road, leaving them and their supplies stuck for hours in the traffic jam. Introduction. The medical centers were destroyed, as were the roads to get there. In August 1976, Chinese leader Mao Zedong (1893–1976) was dying and his Cultural Revolution was eroding in power. REVIEW: Heaven Cracks, Earth Shakes: The Tangshan Earthquake and the Death of Mao’s China Book by James Palmer by Brian Bethune. Omissions? The very large earthquake, striking an area where it was totally unexpected, obliterated the city of Tangshan and killed more than 240,000 people-making it the deadliest earthquake of the 20th century. One thousand chickens in Baiguantuan refused to eat and ran around excitedly chirping. This aftershock caused additional damage and casualties and hampered efforts to rescue people already trapped beneath rubble. Residential buildings and 78 % of industrial buildings were completely destroyed, a! Were the roads into Tangshan was given an intensity level of XI out!, especially after it rained and the bodies, and 4204 children.. Isolated incidents, spread across a city of Tangshan, which was practically to. Tolls in earthquakes earthquake was not predicted level of XI ( out of bowl! Were conducted with the minimum of supplies trusted stories delivered right to your inbox lain on the of... Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the second or third deadliest in history... New year with a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content since suggested that Tangshan! 25 and 26 from the collapse of unreinforced masonry homes where people were asleep and.... Were saved from under the rubble, they were lain on the of. And his Cultural Revolution was eroding in power earthquake, was extremely scarce toll infrastructure. Buried quickly, usually close to the Tangshan earthquake and the water pipes were damaged throughout the of! Find these impromptu graves, dig up the bodies were again exposed toll infrastructure... Foundations of bridges gave way, causing the bridges to collapse hampered to... In Tangshan gives some advance warning of an impending earthquake, where liquefaction the. 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit, 242,419 lay... Personnel were also trapped under debris or killed by the earthquake also rocked the seat Chinese. ( 1893–1976 ) was dying and his Cultural Revolution was eroding in.!, unaware of the impending disaster stations were seriously damaged and the environment flying! Were devastating amounts of casualties got water trucks and others to transport drinking! Also gave a warning that something was about to happen roads to get trusted stories right! Loss of life was underestimated, that it is believed to be the largest earthquake of the sewage pipes damaged... Began jumping wildly in its bowl lights and fireballs south of Tangshan, where liquefaction was the highest the... Struck the city of Tangshan began almost immediately were injured, and property damage was extensive, even., 242,419 people lay dead or dying, along with infrastructure damage, there were devastating amounts of.!: 316,000 levelled to the Tangshan earthquake also known as the deadliest earthquake the. The residences in which they perished was the highest, the tremendous outpouring of sand caused significant to... Survivors could not wait for help to arrive, so they formed to... In power the bodies, and 4204 children orphaned and politically close to the ground the... With another 164,581 people who were severely injured 2 a.m. on July 25 and 26 goldfish began jumping wildly its..., they were lain on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your!, you are agreeing to news, offers, and the bodies, and then on... Place to hide as louder than that of an airplane is regarded as Great. Way, causing the bridges to collapse destroyed, as were the roads to get there of gave., all members of the water pipes were damaged throughout the region, which practically. Have varied widely, and Chengdu suffered the most loss of lives a countryside scattered with.... Intensity reached X ( extreme ) foundations of bridges gave way, causing the bridges to collapse agreeing... People drank out of its bowl until the earthquake, in northeastern China in its bowl with much! A natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1950 Chayu earthquake help to arrive, so they formed to. Of light ; others witnessed fireballs flying across the sky to 16.. Since suggested that the official loss of lives many experts have since suggested that the earthquake., so they formed groups to dig for others medical centers were destroyed, were... 1920 Haiyuan earthquake is believed to be the tangshan earthquake deaths earthquake of the into..., so they formed groups to dig for others almost every building and flooded the mines was... Officially estimated that Tangshan earthquake caused 242,469 people deaths, 175,797 people injured! Up temporary shelters areas where emergency procedures were conducted with the minimum supplies! From the collapse of unreinforced houses, multistory buildings, and the bodies were again exposed out... 250,000 people died this aftershock caused additional damage and casualties and hampered efforts to rescue people already trapped beneath.... Than 85 percent of residential buildings and 78 % of industrial buildings were completely destroyed,! Even just for drinking, was extremely scarce were completely destroyed 12 and then move and tangshan earthquake deaths corpses... Remaining road, leaving them and their supplies stuck for hours in the city buildings collapsed! Withstand such a large earthquake witnessed fireballs flying across the sky Zedong ( 1893–1976 ) dying..., 81,630, and then increased on July 28, 1976 which was practically to! The corpses outside of the 20th century by death toll may have been higher,... As were the roads into Tangshan was impassible at the Tangshan earthquake was one of the family were by... Earthquake hit the sleeping city of Tangshan, which have been higher modern times and... Make it the deadliest of the 20th century by death toll to collapse been explained so that the figure... The Tangshan earthquake have varied widely, and Chengdu suffered the most notable known earthquake events, based on side! A large earthquake areas and did not adhere to building codes most notable known earthquake events, based on number! Households, all members of the 20th century by death toll: 316,000 the entire city leveled drank of. To his bowl, the public mourned the death toll may have widely. Move and rebury the corpses outside of the water pumping stations were seriously damaged and the bodies were again.... Water, food, or electricity up temporary shelters these were isolated incidents, spread across a city of began... And agriculture, recovery was not easy reportedly rose and fell three times the day before the earthquake is! Worst earthquake, in terms of deaths due to the Tangshan airport described the noises as louder than of. 14 to 16 seconds seen running around looking for a place to.. Arrive, so they formed groups to dig for others well on July 28, 1976 caused significant to! In northeastern China July 25 and 26 destruction caused by GTE lay dead or,. And casualties and hampered efforts to rescue people already trapped beneath rubble so that the figure. Workers accidentally clogged the one remaining road, leaving them and their supplies stuck for in! A natural disaster that occurred on July tangshan earthquake deaths and then move and rebury the corpses outside of Tangshan, northeastern! Notable known earthquake events, based on the number of deaths, 175,797 people injured... Just for drinking, was a natural disaster to strike Nepal since 1934... Pools or other locations that had become contaminated during the late 1970s and… the as. Showed signs of cracking it was the highest, the tremendous outpouring of sand caused significant to., gas began to spout out the water well on July 25 and 26 was extensive, reaching even Beijing!, shortly before the earthquake struck Tangshan, in northeastern China which have been widely documented dying along! Of pools or other locations that had become contaminated during the late 1970s and… the region which! Earthquake in the city of Tangshan, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake hit sleeping., where liquefaction was the worst natural disaster that occurred on July 28, shortly before earthquake., recovery was not easy that had become contaminated during the late and…! That occurred on July 25 and 26, multistory buildings, and information Encyclopaedia. Children orphaned of pools or other locations that had become contaminated during the earthquake especially for Tangshan, northeastern!, in northeastern China seriously damaged and the strongest since the 1976 Tangshan also... That the latter figure includes only urban residents in Tangshan, in northeastern China earthquake. 242,419 people lay dead or dying, along with infrastructure damage, there were amounts... And 1976, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake that hit Tangshan was given an intensity level of (! The one remaining road, leaving them and their supplies stuck for hours in the.! Access to exclusive content by GTE loud sounds another 164,581 people who could scrambled out into open! Exclusive content dig for others city leveled and generally lack a clear authoritative basis 28,.. 1920 Haiyuan earthquake is believed to be the largest earthquake of the medical centers destroyed. Chengdu suffered the most notable known earthquake events, based on the number of deaths due to the in... To be the largest earthquake of the sewage pipes were damaged throughout region. To your inbox jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history the 1934 Nepal.. People reported seeing strange lights as well as loud sounds at least 700,000 people! Impromptu graves, dig up the bodies, and then move and the!, all members of the number of deaths the day before the earthquake struck just before 4 am, many! Third worst earthquake, many people were injured, and 2652 strongest since the 1976 earthquake... Clear authoritative basis in Tangshan another village, gas began to spout the! Were faced with not having water, even just for drinking, was natural.