It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. December. Brit. Home. Midya, S.; Brahmachary, R. L. (1991) "The Effect of Birds Upon Germination of Banyan (, "Ficus benghalensis (Banyan Tree) - Zone J", "The World's Largest Trees? Other Names: Banyan, Banyan Fig, Indian Fig, East Indian Fig, Bengal Fig, Vada Tree, Figuier des Pagodes, baut (Bengali), Bar or Bargad (Hindi), marri chettu (Telugu), aalamaram (Tamil), vat (Sanskrit), roptri (Kriol), dawu (Yolngu). Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. | & V.J. Religious association . Ficus religiosa L. Accepted Name Peepal Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa L. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. Miq.Ficus microcarpa A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life to the world’s wildlife. The common names are just as important as the scientific names. & Mathew, Fl. This tree is also the largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the length of its perimeter, which measures 846 metres (2,776 ft). Botanical name: Ficus benghalensis Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family) Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. In decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity. The tree is considered sacred in India,[5] and temples are often built nearby. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Sorting Ficus names ... including Ficus benghalensis, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks. II, 1987 Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. Common Name: Banyan, Bargat (Hindi), Aalamaram (Tamil), Nyagrodha (Sanskrit) Distribution . Cannanore Dist. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Due to the large size of the tree's canopy, it provides useful shade in hot climates. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. abelmoschus esculentus - வெண்டை f., Fl. Pl. There are numbers of regions behind vaginal infection, this could be due to … Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. Journal of Forestry Research. Nair, Fl. ... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the Tamil name for … doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6. [8] Currently the area of its canopy is 17,520 square metres (188,600 sq ft) with a perimeter of 641 metres (2,103 ft).[7]. 661. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. [7], Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River in contemporary Bharuch, Gujarat, India; he may have described the specimen presently named "Kabirvad". Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan,[2] is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . Today medicinal plants are used in their natural as well as processed form. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules lateral, 2-2.5 cm long, sheathing, white-puberulous, deciduous, leaving annular scar, glandular at apex below; lamina 10-20 x 5-12.5 cm, ovate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrescent above, minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. English name: Banyan tree Indian names Bengali - Bar Gujarati - Vad Hindi - Bargad Kanarese - Ala Malyalam - Ala, Vatam Marathi - Vada Sanskrit - Bahupada Tamil - Al Telugu - Peddamarri. It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided. Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. Pl. Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. Cataloguing India's Giant Banyans", http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V1issue2.6.pdf, http://rjpponline.org/HTMLPaper.aspx?Journal=Research%20Journal%20of%20Pharmacognosy%20and%20Phytochemistry;PID=2014-6-3-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_benghalensis&oldid=990604587, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 13:01. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. The generic name, Ficus is a Latin name for figs and the specific epithet, benghalensis is named after the place of its origin, Bengal. Figs that begin as epiphytes are often generally called Banyans (although the Banyan name is sometimes used only for Ficus benghalensis). Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. We have listed Common Plants and Trees with both their common names and scientific names. Treat vaginal Infection. benghalensis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: MORACEAE: English name: Bengal fig: Local name: Syconium 1.5-2 cm across, ripening orange to red, achenes 2 x 1.5 mm, globose-ellipsoid, dark brown. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. [3], Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of India.[4]. Tamil Nadu: All districts, Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - නුග" or "Maha nuga - මහ නුග" in Sri Lanka.[6]. 1985; Ramach. tamil herb glossary a - வரிசை . Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Trees help in filter the water we drink, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 80% of the habitat. The plant derived medicinal substances are secondary metabolites. Strangely -- 1) some of the names are not common at all, and we may find them not known to us -- 2) some of the common plants have no name … Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Description Top of page. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. Other notable Indian specimens include The Great Banyan in the Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden in Shibpur, Howrah, which has a canopy area of 18,918 square metres (203,630 sq ft) and is about 250 years old, and Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has a canopy area of 12,000 square metres (130,000 sq ft) and is about 400 years old. Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. The tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy. 1995; Sivar. 1990; Subram., Fl. ; Ficus altissima Blume; Ficus amblyphylla (Miq.) Madras 361(952). Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7. Botanical Name–Ficus benghalensis; Common names-Hindi: Barh, Manipuri:Khongnang taru,Urdu: Bargad,Sanskrit: Vat,Tamil:Alai,Telugu: Marri chettuLifespan-Possibly over a thousand years, although the age of the Banyan Tree is difficult to determine due to the fact that the original trunk is usually hidden by years of arial or support root growth. Miq. If you want to search a specific name, you may use the search box below. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. ... Ficus benghalensis Translations of Ficus bengalensis. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Ovate-rounded, glossy, dark green leaves (to 7" long) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips. (Rajasthan, western): orange-red ripe fruit eaten; (Garhwal Himalayas): fruit eaten raw. 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. Ficus bengalensis is a scientific name of Banyan Plants that are largely found in the Indian Subcontinent. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. James Forbes later described it in his Oriental Memoirs (1813-5) as almost 610 m (2,000 ft) in circumference and having more than 3,000 trunks. Ficus benghalensis, as the banyan is botanically known, is native to India. We are sharing a list of “ tree names in english ” with short descriptions of each tree with their picture. Sorting Ficus names. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. 2020. ... {collections.name.split ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. In Theravada Buddhism, this tree is said to have been used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by the twenty fourth Buddha called "Kassapa - කස්සප". "Does litterfall from native trees support rainfed agriculture? Can include ecosystem services. Agasthyamala 630. Sorting Ficus names. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. Often reaching heights of over 100 feet, it is quite a large tree. 2009. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis var. Nilambur 663. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, in axillary pairs, globose, puberulous without; basal bracts 3, broad, round, glabrous, coriaceous, persistent, orifice plane, closed by 3 bracts in a 3-4 mm wide disc; internal bristles none; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female, rather numerous near the mouth of the receptacles; pedicel 0.5-2.8 mm long; tepals 2-3, rather broad, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous; stamens 1; filament 0.8-1 mm; anther oblong, parallel, unequal, shortly mucronate, connective brown; female flowers sesile; tepals 3-4, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous, ovary superior, 1.5 x 1 mm, obovoid-globose, dark brown on stylar side; style erect or curved, tapering; gall flowers similar to female but pedicellate. Analysis of Ficus trees in agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India". Throughout India. Notes: Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information, Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains. is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. 1753, var. (Jun 2013). Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. In Tamil it is known as aalamaram (ஆலமரம்). General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. It is also the official national tree of India. 1988; Babu, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. Pres. The tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, the branches. Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga krishnae ... (as Ficus polycarpa). Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier. Latin Name – Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae (वटकुलम्) English Name – Banyan Sanskrit Name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः . became the name of the tree itself. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Also called the Indian banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis is native to the Indian subcontinent. Pronunciation of ficus benghalensis with 3 audio pronunciations and more for ficus benghalensis. The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. Quilon Dist. ashwattha tree in tamil. Magham[magha] nakshatra[10] - Tamil Name:- Aalamaram, Aal English Name:- Indian banyan Botanical Name:- Ficus benghalensis Family:- Moraceae. 24 (2): 333–338. Malappuram Dist. Most of these chemicals 1844. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Kerala: All districts 1888; Gamble, Fl. (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Benyan tree Description: Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, | India 5: 499. Sanskrit names include nyagrodha.) Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... 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