In this era, it wasn’t too scandalous for high-ranking church officials to … In 1639 he was promoted to the nunciature of Cologne; and in 1644 was made envoy extraordinary of Innocent X to the conference of Münster, in which post he energetically defended papal interests during the negotiations that led, in 1648, to the Peace of Westphalia. Corrections? "Pope Alexander VII." a historical landmark in the Vatican renowned for its use of symmetry, commissioned by Pope Alexander VII to celebrate the feast of St. Corpus Christi "Burghers of Calais," 1886 Auguste Rodin, Displayed on … Due to poor health that began in infancy he was educated primarily at home, first by his mother and subsequently by tutors. Alexander VI was a pope who lived during the 15 th century, when Italy was experiencing the Renaissance.He is considered to be one of the most controversial popes in the history of the Roman Catholic Church .Instead of focusing on spiritual matters, Alexander was more concerned with material wealth and earthly power. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. The latter owed much also to his mother, a woman of singular power and skill in the formation of youth. Clement I, 88–97. From: 'St. AKA Rodrigo de Borja. Title: Pope Alexander VII; Creator: Gasparo Morone; Date Created: 17th century; Borgia sought to appear as a great Pope, despite his engagement in public lechery, simony, and other forms of corruption. Alexander forbade his relatives to come to Rome. At a time when churchmen were being forced to realize the deplorable consequences, moral and financial, of nepotism, there was needed a pope who would rule without the aid of relatives. In 1662 the equally hostile Duc de Crequi was made ambassador. Borgia, by a bare two-thirds majority secured by his own vote, was proclaimed Pope on the morning of 11 Aug., 1492, and took the name of Alexander VI. He was also a patron of learning, modernized the Roman University, known as Sapienza, and enriched it with a magnificent library. As the Spanish faction was well disposed towards Chigi there now remained only Donna Olympia to win over. Anacletus, 77–78. As King Ferdinand I of Naples was threatening to come to the aid of the rightful duke Gian Galeazzo, the husband of his granddaughter Isabella, Alexander VI encouraged the French king in his plan for the conquest of N… Peter's - Guide to the Basilica and Square' Opposite and on the right, is the famous monument of Alexander VII (1655-1667), the last great masterpiece of the … Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the Protestant Reformation. The conclave believed he was strongly opposed to the nepotism then prevalent. (See SARPI, VENICE.) Abandoning their support of either pope, they called a council at Pisa in 1409, where they deposed both the Roman and Avignonese claimants and elected a third, Alexander V, who established the papal throne at Pisa. March 1, 1907. Alexander VII, POPE (FABIO CHIGI), b. at Sienna, February 13, 1599; elected April 7, 1655; d. at Rome, May 22, 1667.The Chigi of Sienna were among the most illustrious and powerful of Italian families. (20 November 1493; manuscript) Treaty Between Spain and Portugal, Concluded at Alcacovas (4 September 1479; English translation) Tratado de Tordesilhas The infamous Borgias were Spanish nobles who attained power and wealth in Spain and across the Italian peninsula during the Renaissance by securing high-ranking civic and ecclesiastical offices. His tomb by Bernini is one of the most beautiful monuments in St. Peter's. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. The princes, however, were tired of war and, despite his admonition, yielded to France and the Protestants. , despite his admonition, yielded to France and the Protestants formation of youth took name. On April 7 mother and subsequently by tutors educated primarily at home, by... 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