Seta-Ta - A mummified god in the fourth division of Tuat Setcheh - A serpent demon Resheph is the husband of Qadesh, the Semitic goddess of nature (from Syria) and father of Min, the god of fertility. His beard appears Syrian in style and he normally wears the Upper Egyptian crown adorned with a gazelle head in front and a ribbon behind. Canaanite God Resheph Addeddate 2011-09-02 22:50:06 Identifier CanaaniteGodResheph Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7xk98h7s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Ppi 300. plus-circle Add Review. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Falcon-god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the conquering vitality of the pharaoh. Because of his martial skills, he was closely associated with the pharaoh in battle. Resheph was an important god in the Aramaic pantheon of the eighth century B.C.E. Corrections? Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. Phoenicia With the costs of higher education at an all-time high, the American Dream of a college education can seem like just that — a dream. Under King Djoser's reign (c. 2670 BCE) Imhotep was vizier and chief architect. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. She holds a snake in one hand and a bouquet of lotus flowers in the other as symbols of creation. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. Be the first one to write a review. Canaan God name "Resheph/ Mikal/ Mekal" Phoenicia: The god of plague & of the underworld: God name "Reshephi" Phoenicia: God of plague and the underworld. Introduction. Also, Apollo is usually equated with the Phoenician plague god Resheph. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Syro–Palestinian god →DDD. Throughout his life, he would hold many titles including First After the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, Hereditary Nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, and Sculptor and Maker of Vases Chief. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Resheph became popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Chapter I deals with Resheph in the Ebla texts, already witnessing his assimilation to the Mesopotamian god Nergal, while Chapter II is dedicated to his consort Adamma. Reshep's characteristic stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head. (see, e.g., the inscription of Panammu I; H. Donner and W. Roellig, Kanaanaeische und aramaeische Inschriften, 1 (1967), p. 38 no. He was also a war god and was thus represented as a bearded man brandishing an ax, holding a shield, and wearing a tall, pointed headdress with a goat’s or gazelle’s head on his forehead. His name Resheph also is spelt several different ways means ‘lighting’ or ‘flames’ in Classical Hebrew. In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. Rashpu is god Lord of the Sky Giver of good life Protection of life is around him b`l ḥẓ--Lord of the arrow (Ugaritic) ḥṣ -- arrow nb n nHH --Lord of Eternity nTr aA --Great god pn arw d šʿly nrn l ršp gn--The mouth of a lion, which Nuranu offered to R ašap of Gunu (Ugaritic) rSp gn--Resheph of Gunu/Garden Tag Archives: Resheph ... IT’S A showdown on the Nile between the God of the Hebrews and the gods of Egypt. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. (In Egyptian texts this God is called Reshep and is a God of Thunder and Battle.) Over the course of Egyptian history hundreds of gods and goddesses were worshipped. Reshef Facts and Figures Reshep (Resheph, Rahshaf, Rasap, Rashap, Resep, Reshef, Reshpu) was a Syrian plague and war god whose worship in Egypt dates from around the Eighteenth Dynasty. His name Resheph also spelled as Rahshaf, Resep, Rasap, Rashap, Reshef or Reshpu whose name means ‘lighting’ or … R. is known as an important god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian sources (LEITZ 2002). He is considered a chthonic god, the bringer of disease, but also a protector against it and thus a giver of life and health and one who hears prayers. comment. R.’s cult spread to the Resheph is a small god with long black hair that he keeps tied back. He was also known as “Lord of Sky”, “Lord of Eternity”, “Lord of Heaven” or “Governor of all the Gods” and an area of the Nile valley was renamed the “Valley of Reshep”. References to Anubis are found in texts dating back to the Old Kingdom. Copyright © Egyptian-Gods.org. Imhotep was a commoner by birth who advanced to the position of one of the most imp… Phoenicean Plague God We may be barking up the wrong pyramid, but Reshef seems to have an uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian Reshep. All Rights Reserved. Artistic representations and references show that he was lord of the underworld, the god of war and pestilence. He also became the approachable deity who can grant success to those praying to him. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The worship of Resheph is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Resheph was a belligerent, aggressive god who used diseases to attack people, but who could also heal. Reshep was a war god whose origins are from Syria. He was also often considered as the husband of Itum in relation of his ability or power to control diseases. Resheph (Rašap, Rešef, Reshef; Canaanite/Hebrew ršp רשף) was a Canaanite deity of plague and war.In Egyptian iconography Resheph is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. In the illustration at the top of the page, which shows an Egyptian limestone stele, the primoridal god Min stands in the centre, with the nature goddess Qetesh on his left, and Resheph on his right. Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Resheph was worshiped especially at Ras Shamra, Byblos, and Arsūf (later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo). Updates? Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. God name "Resheph" Canaan: God of plague. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף‎ resheph is a noun interpreted as “flame, lightning” but also “burning fever, plague, pestilence”. Resheph become very popular under Amenhotep II during 18th dynasty, where he served as god of horses and the protector of royalty. His appearance portrayed as man wearing White Crown of Upper Egypt with a gazelle head in front and long ribbons steamed from back of the crown. Privacy Policy. of the first century BCE, Resheph was a well-known deity. ... Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. Under the title Mikal (or Mekal), he was also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus. Resheph I. Association with Hathor may be seen in imagery as well. In these texts Resheph is described in various ways, such as the god or gatekeeper of the underworld, god of pestilence, god of war and god of In fact it seems he went there on vacation and never returned. Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. Omissions? However, contrary to what we’ve been taught, the gods of Egypt in Moses’ day weren’t all Egyptian gods. Husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman religion outside Egypt. In the Keret epic he is the god of plague or mass destruction. Its history may be followed for 3,500 years, from the Ebla tablets of the third millennium bce to the Babylonian Talmud and the Aggadic Midrash, Exodus Rabbah, the redaction of which took place, it seems, not earlier than the tenth century ce. The characteristics of individual gods could be hard to pin down. From the name alone, one can gather that Resheph was connected with pestilence. On stele representing the deity, Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. He was brought into the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th Dynasty. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Thunder, originally Syrian. He is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts and features at least seven times in the Hebrew Bible. Resheph was closely associated with the native Egyptian war god, Monthu and with many other deities. He also wears a bycoket hat. At the request of the Goddess Athirat, these two Deities perform a harvest-ritual involving the sacrifice of an ass, which is meant to keep the animal from eating the leaves and shoots of the vines. However, his force for destruction of royal enemies in battle, extended beyond the royal circles by his power to cure the ordinary people disease. Resheph was usually believed to be related to Mot, the god of sterility and death, but he also seems to have been a god of well-being, plenty, and fertility, and in that respect he may have been a form of the god Baal. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Qetesh-Wikipedia. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף resheph is a noun interpreted as … He has links with Theban war god Montu and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs. Reviews There are no reviews yet. Egyptian War God Also known as Resep, Reshef, Resheph, Reshpu God of War, Battle and Military Operations Originally a Warrior God from Syria (see Reshef), he was drafted into the Egyptian pantheon and found himself part of a triad alongside the sexy love deities Min and Qadesh. He was thought to be able to repell the ‘akha’ demon which causes abdominal pains. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. RESHEF RESHEF is a northwest Semitic god, whose cult is best attested in northern Syria. Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Information and translations of resheph in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. Resheph is a deity well known in the Near East from the middle of the 3rd millennium to the end of the 1st century BCE. He holds spear, axe, sickle, scepter or the ankh in hand. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war. Most had a principle association (for example, with the sun or the underworld) and form. 214: 1, where the divine names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph). In this later period, Resheph is often accompanied by Qetesh and Min. What does resheph mean? Egypt had one of the largest and most complex pantheons of gods of any civilization in the ancient world. Sometimes, he depicted as a man with a Syrian style beard. In these texts, Resheph … He also often showed together with Qetesh and Min. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.. Ugaritic texts as well to Anubis are found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic Egyptian... Attested in northern Syria 28th dynasty outside Egypt become popular in Egypt Amenhotep! Became popular in Egypt from 18th dynasty ), where the divine names Hadad and El are followed by )! 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